Marquis de Sade bibliography  

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 This page Marquis de Sade bibliography is part of the Marquis de Sade series  Illustration: Portrait fantaisiste du marquis de Sade (1866) by H. Biberstein
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This page Marquis de Sade bibliography is part of the Marquis de Sade series
Illustration: Portrait fantaisiste du marquis de Sade (1866) by H. Biberstein

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The majority of Marquis de Sade have gone unpublished for many years. De Sade wrote close to twenty plays, but only two were performed in public. Of his other writings only a few were published under his name, of which Les Crimes de l'Amour, prefaced by the essay Idée sur les romans, is best-known.

The works that made him famous were all published clandestinely. He would deny authorship until the end of his life. These include the well-known novel sequence Justine and Juliette, the pornophilosophical Philosophy in the Bedroom and the posthumously published extremely transgressive The 120 Days of Sodom.

Contents

Sade's work divided in clandestine and official works

In a study of Sade's works it is useful to divide the anonymous and clandestine on one side and official works, that is to say, those to which he attached his name, on the other.

Works published anonymously and clandestinely

The object of scandal and fear when they were released, banned until the 1960s, these are the cause of Sade's fame and earned him his last years in prison. Sade has always steadfastly maintained that they were not written by him.

Official works

Recognized by Sade, of an erotic but not pornographic character - "gazées" - to use the expression of Sade.

Political pamphlets

The unpublished manuscript Dialogue entre un prêtre et un moribond, written in the prison of Vincennes in 1782, was discovered and published in 1926 by Maurice Heine, as well as Historiettes, Contes et Fabliaux.

Prose

Of the most important clandestine publications, the chronology is as follows:

Of the most important under his own name, the chronology is as follows:

Dialogue Between a Priest and a Dying Man

Dialogue Between a Priest and a Dying Man

Dialogue Between a Priest and a Dying Man (original French: Dialogue entre un prêtre et un moribond) is a dialogue written by the Marquis de Sade while incarcerated at Château de Vincennes in 1782, expressing his atheism by having a dying man (a libertine) convince a priest of the mistakes of a pious life. It is one of the earliest known written works from de Sade to be dated with certainty, and was first published in 1926 together with an edition of Historiettes, Contes et Fabliaux (written originally in 1788). It was subsequently published in English in 1927 by Pascal Covici in a limited, hand-numbered edition of 600 copies.

The 120 Days of Sodom

The 120 Days of Sodom, or the School of Licentiousness

The 120 Days of Sodom or the School of Freedoms (Les 120 journées de Sodome ou l'école du libertinage) is a book written by the French writer Marquis de Sade in 1784. It relates the story of four wealthy men who enslaved 24 mostly teenaged victims and sexually tortured them while listening to stories told by old prostitutes.

Written in 1785, while at the Bastille, the book was not published until 1905. Due to its extreme sexual and violent nature, it remained banned in many countries for a long time. Salò, the film adaptation by Pasolini underwent a similar fate.

Justine, 1st version

Justine

Justine (original French title Les infortunes de la vertu) was an early work by the Marquis de Sade, written in two weeks in 1787 while imprisoned in the Bastille. It is a novella (187 pages) with relatively little of the obscenity which characterized his later writing as it was written in the classical style (which was fashionable at the time), with much verbose and metaphorical description. This version was not published until 1930.

Justine, 2nd version

This is a much extended and more graphic version of Justine (1st version), entitled Justine ou Les Malheurs de la vertu(English title: Justine, or The Misfortunes of the virtue or simply Justine). It was written in 1788 and published anonymously in 1791. It was the first of Sade's books to be published.

Aline and Valcour

Aline and Valcour

Aline et Valcour; ou, Le Roman philosophique is an epistolary novel by the Marquis De Sade. It contrasts a brutal African kingdom with a utopian South Pacific island paradise known as Tamoé and led by the philosopher-king Zamé.

Sade wrote the book while incarcerated in the Bastille in the 1788. Published in 1795, it was the first of Sade's books published under his own name.

It partly takes its plot from Clarissa.

Dorci, ou la Bizarrerie du sort

Historiettes, Contes et Fabliaux

Historiettes, Contes et Fabliaux

Historiettes, Contes et Fabliaux (English: Stories, Tales and Fables) are a set of short tales written by the Marquis de Sade while imprisoned in the Bastille. The dates of the tales range from 1787 to 1788. They were published in a colllected edition for the first time in 1926 together with Dialogue Between a Priest and a Dying Man (written in 1782).

Philosophy in the Bedroom

Philosophy in the Bedroom

Philosophy in the Bedroom (La Philosophie Dans le Boudoir) is a dialogue novel written by the Marquis de Sade and published anonymously in 1795 in the aftermath of the French Revolution. It is the most clearly formulated book on Sade's philosophy, which says that virtue is punished and vice is rewarded. Its most gruesome scene involves a syphilis-ridden servant having intercourse with the personification of virtue Madame de Mistival, and the subsequent maltreatment of her private parts.

The play is split into seven parts - or 'dialogues' - and was originally illustrated by Sade himself. There is a lengthy section within the fifth dialogue titled "Yet Another Effort, Frenchmen, If You Would Become Republicans" in which it is argued that, having done away with the monarchy in the French Revolution, the people of France should take the final step towards liberty by abolishing religion too.

Justine, 3d version

The New Justine

A further extended version La Nouvelle Justine ou Les Malheurs de la vertu was published in 1797. It was accompanied by a continuation, Juliette about Justine's sister. The two together formed 10 volumes of nearly 4000 pages in total; publication was completed in 1801. This final version, La Nouvelle Justine, departed from the first-person narrative of the previous two versions, and included around 100 engravings.

Biblio: La Nouvelle Justine, ou les Malheurs de la vertu, novel, 3rd version of Justine, pub. 1797-1801 with Juliette

Juliette

Juliette, or Vice Amply Rewarded

Juliette is a novel written by the Marquis de Sade and published 17971801, accompanying Sade's Nouvelle Justine. Whilst Justine, Juliette's sister, was a virtuous woman who consequently encountered nothing but despair and abuse, Juliette is an amoral nymphomaniac who ends up successful and happy.

The full title of the novel in the original French is Histoire de Juliette ou les Prospérités du vice, and the English title is "Juliette, or Vice Amply Rewarded" or "Justine; or Good Conduct Well-Chastised".

Both Justine and Juliette were published anonymously. Napoleon ordered the arrest of the author, and as a result Sade was incarcerated without trial for the last 13 years of his life.

The Crimes of Love

The Crimes of Love

Les Crimes de l'amour, Nouvelles héroïques et tragiques (Eng: The Crimes of Love: Heroic and tragic Tales) is a collection of short stories by Sade first published in 1799. In its original publication, each story was prefaced by a motto from Edward Young's Night Thoughts. It is prefaced by Sade's essay on the history of the novel, Une Idée sur les romans and features Eugénie de Franval.

La Marquise de Gange

Adélaïde de Brunswick, princesse de Saxe

  • Adélaïde de Brunswick, princesse de Saxe (novel, 1812, pub. 1964)

Histoire secrète d’Isabelle de Bavière, reine de France

Histoire secrète d’Isabelle de Bavière, reine de France (novel, 1813, pub. 1953)

Histoire secrete d'Isabelle de Baviere, reine de France is an unpublished medieval-set 1813 historical novel by the Marquis de Sade on the life of Isabeau of Bavaria. Its inception is recounted in a note at the end of the manuscript. In July 1764 Sade set out from Paris for Dijon, to see documents from the time of Charles VI of France at the Carthusian convent (including the Duke of Burgundy's will and the confession of Boisbourdon, Isabelle's favourite), which he alleges were destroyed later at the time of the French Revolution. Its central character is Isabelle herself - beautiful, evil and cruel, with similarities to Juliette and possibly acting as a prototype for Sade's later, most perverted characters.

Voyage d'Italie

Voyage d'Italie

Voyage d'Italie, which, along with Sade's earlier travel writings, has never been translated into English.

OEuvres diverses

  • OEuvres diverses (1764 - 1869)
    • Le Philosophe soi-disant
    • Voyage de Hollande

Destroyed / Lost

  • Le Portefeuille d'un homme de lettres (Destroyed / Lost)
  • Les Journees de Florbelle, ou la Nature devoilee, suivies des Memoires de l'abbe de Modose et des Adventures d'Emilie de Volnange servant de preuves aux assertions (Destroyed / Lost)
    • Les Conversations du chateau de Charmelle (First Draft of Les Journees Florbelle, Destroyed / Lost)
  • Les Delassements du libertin, ou la Neuvaine de Cythere (Destroyed / Lost)
  • La Fine Mouche (Destroyed / Lost)
  • L'Heureux Echange (Destroyed / Lost)
  • Les Inconvenients de la pitie (Destroyed / Lost)
  • Les Reliques (Destroyed / Lost)
  • Le Cure de Prato (Destroyed / Lost)

Historiettes

  • La Liste du Suisse (Destroyed / Lost)
  • La Messe trop chere (Destroyed / Lost)
  • L'Honnete Ivrogne (Destroyed / Lost)
  • N'y allez jamais sans lumiere (Destroyed / Lost)
  • La justice venitienne (Destroyed / Lost)
  • Adelaide de Miramas, ou le Fanatisme protestan (Destroyed / Lost)

Essays

Plays

  • Oxtiern, The Misfortunes of Libertinage (1800) (Le Comte Oxtiern ou les Effets du Libertinage)
  • Les Jumelles ou le /choix difficile
  • Le Prevaricateur ou le Magistrat du temps passe
  • Jeanne Laisne, ou le Siege de Beauvais
  • L'Ecole des jaloux ou la Folle Epreuve
  • Le Misanthrope par amour ou Sophie et Desfrancs
  • Le Capricieux, ou l'Homme inegal
  • Les Antiquaires
  • Henriette et Saint-Clair, ou la Force du Sang (Destroyed / Lost)
  • Franchise et Trahison
  • Fanny, ou les Effets du desespoir
  • La Tour mysterieuse
  • L'Union des arts ou les Ruses de l'amour
    • Divertissement (missing)
    • La Fille malheureuse (Destroyed / Lost)
  • Les Fetes de l'amitie
  • L'Egarement de l'infortune (Destroyed / Lost)
  • Tancrede (Destroyed / Lost)

Political pamphlets

Sade's political pamphlets

Sade's political pamphlets were written at the time of his freedom between 1791 and 1793, when he was a member of the Section des Piques.

A special mention must be made of Yet Another Effort, Frenchmen, If You Would Become Republicans, which was a chapter in Philosophy in the Bedroom.

Letters and personal notes posthumously published

Sade's letters

Most of Sade's letters were written from prison to his wife Renee. They included encoded ones such as La Vanille et la Manille.

Uncertain/misattributions

See also




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