Marquis de Sade bibliography
From The Art and Popular Culture Encyclopedia
The majority of Marquis de Sade have gone unpublished for many years. De Sade wrote close to twenty plays, but only two were performed in public, the unremarkable Le Comte Oxtiern ou les Effets du libertinage. Of his other writings only Les Crimes de l'Amour, prefaced by its still usefull essay Idée sur les romans.
The works that made him famous were all published clandestinely. He would deny authorship until the end of his life. These include the well-known novel sequence Justine and Juliette, the pornophilosophical Philosophy in the Bedroom and the posthumously published extremely transgressive The 120 Days of Sodom.
Sade's work divided in clandestine and official works
In a study of Sade's works it is useful to divide the anonymous and clandestine on one side and official works, that is to say, those to which he attached his name, on the other.
Works published anonymously and clandestinely
The object of scandal and fear when they were released, banned until the 1960s, these are the cause of Sade's fame and earned him his last years in prison. Sade has always steadfastly maintained that they were not written by him.
- Justine ou les Malheurs de la vertu published in 1791, noted for its atheism, but not so much for its pornography.
- La Philosophie dans le boudoir; published in 1795.
- La Nouvelle Justine, followed by l’Histoire de Juliette, sa sœur, and their 101 engravings, the most important and most radical of his works published during his life in 1799.
- Les Cent Vingt Journées de Sodome, published in 1931-1935 by Maurice Heine
- The manuscript of Journées de Florbelle ou la Nature dévoilée, written in 1804 at Charenton was seized by the police in 1807 and burnt when Sade died at the request of his son.
Recognized by Sade, of an erotic but not pornographic character - "gazées" - to use the expression of Sade.
- Le Comte Oxtiern ou les Effets du libertinage, his only piece - of the seventeen - to be presented at the theater in 1791
- Aline et Valcour published in 1795
- Florville et Courval published in 1799
- Les Crimes de l'Amour published in 1800, anthology of 11 short stories written at the Bastille between 1787 and 1788, preceded by an essay entitled Idée sur les romans
- La Marquise de Gange, published in 1813, it is in the same vein as Les Crimes de l'Amour
- Idée sur le mode de la sanction des lois novembre 1792
- Petition des Sections de Paris a la Convention nationale juin 1793
- Discours aux mânes de Marat et de Le Pelletier septembre 1793
- Petition de la Section des Piques aux représentans du peuple français novembre 1793
The unpublished manuscript Dialogue entre un prêtre et un moribond, written in the prison of Vincennes in 1782, was discovered and published in 1926 by Maurice Heine, as well as Historiettes, Contes et Fabliaux.
Of the most important clandestine publications, the chronology is as follows:
- The second version of Justine in 1791
- Philosophy in the Bedroom in 1795
- The 120 Days of Sodom, published posthumously in 1905.
Of the most important under his own name, the chronology is as follows:
Dialogue Between a Priest and a Dying Man
Dialogue Between a Priest and a Dying Man (original French: Dialogue entre un prêtre et un moribond) is a dialogue written by the Marquis de Sade while incarcerated at Château de Vincennes in 1782, expressing his atheism by having a dying man (a libertine) convince a priest of the mistakes of a pious life. It is one of the earliest known written works from de Sade to be dated with certainty, and was first published in 1926 together with an edition of Historiettes, Contes et Fabliaux (written originally in 1788). It was subsequently published in English in 1927 by Pascal Covici in a limited, hand-numbered edition of 600 copies.
The 120 Days of Sodom
The 120 Days of Sodom or the School of Freedoms (Les 120 journées de Sodome ou l'école du libertinage) is a book written by the French writer Marquis de Sade in 1784. It relates the story of four wealthy men who enslaved 24 mostly teenaged victims and sexually tortured them while listening to stories told by old prostitutes.
Written in 1785, while at the Bastille, the book was not published until 1905. Due to its extreme sexual and violent nature, it remained banned in many countries for a long time. Salò, the film adaptation by Pasolini underwent a similar fate.
Justine, 1st version
Justine (original French title Les infortunes de la vertu) was an early work by the Marquis de Sade, written in two weeks in 1787 while imprisoned in the Bastille. It is a novella (187 pages) with relatively little of the obscenity which characterized his later writing as it was written in the classical style (which was fashionable at the time), with much verbose and metaphorical description. This version was not published until 1930.
Justine, 2nd version
- Justine, or Good Conduct Well Chastised (Justine ou les Malheurs de la vertu, novel, 2nd version of Justine, 1788, pub. 1791)
This is a much extended and more graphic version of Justine (1st version), entitled Justine ou Les Malheurs de la vertu(English title: Justine, or The Misfortunes of the virtue or simply Justine). It was written in 1788 and published anonymously in 1791. It was the first of Sade's books to be published.
Aline and Valcour
Aline et Valcour; ou, Le Roman philosophique is an epistolary novel by the Marquis De Sade. It contrasts a brutal African kingdom with a utopian South Pacific island paradise known as Tamoé and led by the philosopher-king Zamé.
It partly takes its plot from Clarissa.
Dorci, ou la Bizarrerie du sort
- Dorci, ou la Bizarrerie du sort (novella, 1788, pub. 1881)
Historiettes, Contes et Fabliaux
Historiettes, Contes et Fabliaux (English: Stories, Tales and Fables) are a set of short tales written by the Marquis de Sade while imprisoned in the Bastille. The dates of the tales range from 1787 to 1788. They were published in a colllected edition for the first time in 1926 together with Dialogue Between a Priest and a Dying Man (written in 1782).
Philosophy in the Bedroom
Philosophy in the Bedroom (La Philosophie Dans le Boudoir) is a dialogue novel written by the Marquis de Sade and published anonymously in 1795 in the aftermath of the French Revolution. It is the most clearly formulated book on Sade's philosophy, which says that virtue is punished and vice is rewarded. Its most gruesome scene involves a syphilis-ridden servant having intercourse with the personification of virtue Madame de Mistival, and the subsequent maltreatment of her private parts.
The play is split into seven parts - or 'dialogues' - and was originally illustrated by Sade himself. There is a lengthy section within the fifth dialogue titled "Yet Another Effort, Frenchmen, If You Would Become Republicans" in which it is argued that, having done away with the monarchy in the French Revolution, the people of France should take the final step towards liberty by abolishing religion too.
Justine, 3d version
A further extended version La Nouvelle Justine ou Les Malheurs de la vertu was published in 1797. It was accompanied by a continuation, Juliette about Justine's sister. The two together formed 10 volumes of nearly 4000 pages in total; publication was completed in 1801. This final version, La Nouvelle Justine, departed from the first-person narrative of the previous two versions, and included around 100 engravings.
Biblio: La Nouvelle Justine, ou les Malheurs de la vertu, novel, 3rd version of Justine, pub. 1797-1801 with Juliette
Juliette is a novel written by the Marquis de Sade and published 1797–1801, accompanying Sade's Nouvelle Justine. Whilst Justine, Juliette's sister, was a virtuous woman who consequently encountered nothing but despair and abuse, Juliette is an amoral nymphomaniac who ends up successful and happy.
The full title of the novel in the original French is Histoire de Juliette ou les Prospérités du vice, and the English title is "Juliette, or Vice Amply Rewarded" or "Justine; or Good Conduct Well-Chastised".
Both Justine and Juliette were published anonymously. Napoleon ordered the arrest of the author, and as a result Sade was incarcerated without trial for the last 13 years of his life.
The Crimes of Love
Les Crimes de l'amour, Nouvelles héroïques et tragiques (Eng: The Crimes of Love: Heroic and tragic Tales) is a collection of short stories by Sade first published in 1799. In its original publication, each story was prefaced by a motto from Edward Young's Night Thoughts. It is prefaced by Sade's essay on the history of the novel, Une Idée sur les romans and features Eugénie de Franval.
La Marquise de Gange
- La Marquise de Gange (novel, 1807-1812, pub. 1813)
Adélaïde de Brunswick, princesse de Saxe
- Adélaïde de Brunswick, princesse de Saxe (novel, 1812, pub. 1964)
Histoire secrète d’Isabelle de Bavière, reine de France
- Histoire secrète d’Isabelle de Bavière, reine de France (novel, 1813, pub. 1953)
Histoire secrete d'Isabelle de Baviere, reine de France is an unpublished medieval-set 1813 historical novel by the Marquis de Sade on the life of Isabeau of Bavaria. Its inception is recounted in a note at the end of the manuscript. In July 1764 Sade set out from Paris for Dijon, to see documents from the time of Charles VI of France at the Carthusian convent (including the Duke of Burgundy's will and the confession of Boisbourdon, Isabelle's favourite), which he alleges were destroyed later at the time of the French Revolution. Its central character is Isabelle herself - beautiful, evil and cruel, with similarities to Juliette and possibly acting as a prototype for Sade's later, most perverted characters.
- OEuvres diverses (1764 - 1869)
- Le Philosophe soi-disant
- Voyage de Hollande
Destroyed / Lost
- Le Portefeuille d'un homme de lettres (Destroyed / Lost)
- Les Journees de Florbelle, ou la Nature devoilee, suivies des Memoires de l'abbe de Modose et des Adventures d'Emilie de Volnange servant de preuves aux assertions (Destroyed / Lost)
- Les Conversations du chateau de Charmelle (First Draft of Les Journees Florbelle, Destroyed / Lost)
- Les Delassements du libertin, ou la Neuvaine de Cythere (Destroyed / Lost)
- La Fine Mouche (Destroyed / Lost)
- L'Heureux Echange (Destroyed / Lost)
- Les Inconvenients de la pitie (Destroyed / Lost)
- Les Reliques (Destroyed / Lost)
- Le Cure de Prato (Destroyed / Lost)
- La Liste du Suisse (Destroyed / Lost)
- La Messe trop chere (Destroyed / Lost)
- L'Honnete Ivrogne (Destroyed / Lost)
- N'y allez jamais sans lumiere (Destroyed / Lost)
- La justice venitienne (Destroyed / Lost)
- Adelaide de Miramas, ou le Fanatisme protestan (Destroyed / Lost)
- Reflections on the Novel (Idee sur les romans, introductory text to Les Crimes de l'Amour)
- The Author of Les Crimes de l'Amour to Villeterque, Hack Writer (1803) (L'Auteur de "Les Crimes de l'Amour" a Villeterque, folliculaire)
- Oxtiern, The Misfortunes of Libertinage (1800) (Le Comte Oxtiern ou les Effets du Libertinage)
- Les Jumelles ou le /choix difficile
- Le Prevaricateur ou le Magistrat du temps passe
- Jeanne Laisne, ou le Siege de Beauvais
- L'Ecole des jaloux ou la Folle Epreuve
- Le Misanthrope par amour ou Sophie et Desfrancs
- Le Capricieux, ou l'Homme inegal
- Les Antiquaires
- Henriette et Saint-Clair, ou la Force du Sang (Destroyed / Lost)
- Franchise et Trahison
- Fanny, ou les Effets du desespoir
- La Tour mysterieuse
- L'Union des arts ou les Ruses de l'amour
- Divertissement (missing)
- La Fille malheureuse (Destroyed / Lost)
- Les Fetes de l'amitie
- L'Egarement de l'infortune (Destroyed / Lost)
- Tancrede (Destroyed / Lost)
A special mention must be made of Yet Another Effort, Frenchmen, If You Would Become Republicans, which was a chapter in Philosophy in the Bedroom.
Letters and personal notes posthumously published
- Works on Sade
- Marquis de Sade translations
- Sade's works divided in anonymous and clandestine and official works