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"The stupendous Buddhist temple of Borobudur, rivalling that of Angkor-Vaht in Camboja, is assigned to the eighth or ninth century."--Notes and Queries 1-4 by the Royal Asiatic Society of Great Britain and Ireland. Malayan Branch

1872 photograph of the western face of the Greek Parthenon
1872 photograph of the western face of the Greek Parthenon

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A temple (from the Latin word templum) is a structure reserved for religious or spiritual activities, such as prayer and sacrifice, or analogous rites. A templum constituted a sacred precinct as defined by a priest, or augur. It has the same root as the word "template," a plan in preparation of the building that was marked out on the ground by the augur. Templa also became associated with the dwelling places of a god or gods. Despite the specific set of meanings associated with the religion of the ancient Rome, the word has now become quite widely used to describe a house of worship for any number of religions and is even used for time periods prior to the Romans.

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