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This page State is part of the politics series.Illustration:Liberty Leading the People (1831, detail) by Eugène Delacroix.
This page State is part of the politics series.
Illustration:Liberty Leading the People (1831, detail) by Eugène Delacroix.

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State commonly refers to either the present condition of a system or entity, or to a governed entity (such as a country) or sub-entity (such as an autonomous territory of a country).



From Latin status (“manner of standing, attitude, position, carriage, manner, dress, apparel”), from stare (“to stand”).

Political science

  • State (polity), an organized political community, living under a government
  • Sovereign state, a sovereign political entity in public international law; a society having exclusive domain over a territory
  • "State", in some contexts virtually synonymous with "government", e.g., to distinguish state (government) from private schools
  • Nation state, a state which coincides with a nation
  • Federated state, a political entity forming part of a federal sovereign state such as the USA, Australia, India and Brazil

Science and technology

Biology & psychology


  • State of matter, solid, liquid or vapour phases of matter. it describes the organization of matter in a phase
  • Chemical state, the electronic, chemical and physical nature of an element



  • In classical mechanics, state is a complete description of a system in terms of parameters such as positions and momentums at a particular moment in time
  • Quantum state, in physics, the state of a quantum mechanical system given by a vector in the underlying Hilbert space
  • Excited state
  • Dynamical systems, a concept in mathematics where a fixed rule describes the time dependence of a point in a geometrical space
  • Stationary state, an eigenvector of a Hamiltonian
  • Thermodynamic state, a set of physical quantities (e.g. temperature, pressure, and composition) describing variable properties of a given thermodynamic system

See also

Unless indicated otherwise, the text in this article is either based on Wikipedia article "State" or another language Wikipedia page thereof used under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License; or on research by Jahsonic and friends. See Art and Popular Culture's copyright notice.

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