Punk rock  

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"Today, so many years later, the shock of punk is that every good record can still sound like the greatest thing you've ever heard.....because it can convince you that you never have to hear anything else as long as you live-each record seems to say everything there is to say."--Lipstick Traces (1989) by Greil Marcus

"Punk bypassed me almost completely. [...] My belated discovery of the movement coincided with when things began to pick up again, with what soon became known as 'post-punk' -- the subject of this book. So I was listening to X-Ray Spex's Germ Free Adolescents, but also the first PiL album, Talking Heads' Fear of Music, and Cut by The Slits. It was all one bright, bursting surge of excitement."--Rip It Up and Start Again (2005) by Simon Reynolds

"...punk bands started cropping up who were writing their own songs but taking the Yardbirds' sound."--"Psychotic Reactions and Carburetor Dung" (1971) by Lester Bangs

"It was impossible […] to miss such a landmark exposition of punk-rock […] the first appearance in two years of the original bizarro band."--Dave Marsh in his May 1971 Looney Toons column for Creem

 This page Punk rock is part of the non-mainstream series Illustration: True portrait of Monsieur Ubu by Alfred Jarry.
This page Punk rock is part of the non-mainstream series
Illustration: True portrait of Monsieur Ubu by Alfred Jarry.

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Punk rock (or simply punk) is a music genre that emerged in the mid-1970s. Rooted in 1960s garage rock, punk bands rejected the perceived excesses of mainstream 1970s rock. They typically produced short, fast-paced songs with hard-edged melodies and singing styles, stripped-down instrumentation, and often political, anti-establishment lyrics. Punk embraces a DIY ethic; many bands self-produce recordings and distribute them through independent record labels.

The term "punk rock" was first used by American rock critics in the early 1970s to describe 1960s garage bands and certain subsequent acts they perceived as stylistic inheritors. When the movement now bearing the name developed from 1974 to 1976, acts such as Television, Patti Smith, and the Ramones in New York City and the Sex Pistols, the Clash, and the Damned in London formed its vanguard. As 1977 approached, punk became a major cultural phenomenon in the UK. It spawned a punk subculture expressing youthful rebellion through distinctive styles of clothing and adornment (such as deliberately offensive T-shirts, leather jackets, studded or spiked bands and jewellery, safety pins, and bondage and S&M clothes) and a variety of anti-authoritarian ideologies.

In 1977, the influence of the music and subculture became more pervasive, spreading worldwide, especially in England. It took root in a wide range of local scenes that often rejected affiliation with the mainstream. In the late 1970s, punk experienced a second wave as new acts that were not active during its formative years adopted the style. By the early 1980s, faster and more aggressive subgenres such as hardcore punk (e.g. Minor Threat), street punk (e.g. the Exploited), and anarcho-punk (e.g. Crass) became the predominant modes of punk rock. Musicians identifying with or inspired by punk also pursued other musical directions, giving rise to spinoffs such as post-punk, new wave, and later indie pop, alternative rock, and noise rock. By the 1990s, punk re-emerged into the mainstream with the success of punk rock and pop punk bands such as Green Day.

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Unless indicated otherwise, the text in this article is either based on Wikipedia article "Punk rock" or another language Wikipedia page thereof used under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License; or on research by Jahsonic and friends. See Art and Popular Culture's copyright notice.

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