Philosophy of religion  

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Philosophy of religion is a branch of philosophy that asks questions about religion. As with all philosophies, the topics at hand are generated by those who participate. In the philosophy of religion, these may include but are not limited to the nature and existence of God, religious language, miracles, prayer, the problem of evil, and how religion and other belief systems such as ethics interrelate. The philosophy of religion broadly differs to the sociology of religion in assessing the validity of religious truth-claims, rather than examining social or cultural functions. Religious philosophy, on the other hand, is the philosophical thinking that is inspired and directed by religion, such as Christian philosophy and Islamic philosophy. As an alternative, philosophy of religion is the philosophical thinking about religion. It is designed such that it can be carried out dispassionately by what are thought of as those in two "camps": adherents or believers, and non-believers.

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