Mikhail Gorbachev  

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"General Secretary Gorbachev, if you seek peace, if you seek prosperity for the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe, if you seek liberalization: Come here to this gate! Mr. Gorbachev, open this gate! Mr. Gorbachev, tear down this wall!"--Ronald Reagan to Mikhail Gorbachev, Friday, June 12, 1987

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Mikhail Sergeyevich Gorbachev (1931 – 2022) was a Soviet politician who served as a leader of the Soviet Union. He was President of the Soviet Union from 1990 until the country's dissolution in 1991. Ideologically, Gorbachev initially adhered to Marxism–Leninism, but moved towards social democracy by the early 1990s.

Widely considered one of the most significant figures of the second half of the 20th century, Gorbachev remains the subject of controversy. The recipient of a wide range of awards, including the Nobel Peace Prize, he was praised for his role in ending the Cold War, introducing new political and economic freedoms in the Soviet Union, and tolerating both the fall of Marxist–Leninist administrations in eastern and central Europe and the reunification of Germany. Conversely, in Russia and other former Soviet states, he is often derided for accelerating the Soviet dissolution—an event which weakened Russia's global influence and precipitated an economic collapse. His legacy is also questioned in Kazakhstan, Georgia, Latvia, Lithuania and Azerbaijan, pointing on his responsibility in Jeltoqsan, Tbilisi massacre, the Barricades, January Events and Black January.

Unless indicated otherwise, the text in this article is either based on Wikipedia article "Mikhail Gorbachev" or another language Wikipedia page thereof used under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License; or on research by Jahsonic and friends. See Art and Popular Culture's copyright notice.

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