James Joyce  

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"[ James Joyce ] is a sort of Marquis de Sade, but does not write so well. He is the perfect type of Irish fumiste, a hater of England, more than suspected of partiality for Germany, where he lived before the war."--Edmund Gosse

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James Joyce (2 February 188213 January 1941) was an Irish writer, best-known for his novel Ulysses (1922) and the semi-autobiographical novel A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man (1916).

Although he spent most of his adult life outside Ireland, Joyce's fictional universe is firmly rooted in Dublin and provide the settings and much of the subject matter for all his fiction. In particular, his tempestuous early relationship with the Irish Roman Catholic Church is reflected through a similar inner conflict in his recurrent alter ego Stephen Dedalus. As the result of his minute attentiveness to a personal locale and his self-imposed exile and influence throughout Europe, Joyce became simultaneously one of the most cosmopolitan and one of the most local of all the great English language writers.


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