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"The Power of Nightmares argues that radical Islamism is a political myth perpetuated by neoconservatives to unite and inspire their people after the ultimate failure of liberal utopias." --Sholem Stein

"Kepel sees contemporary jihadism as the expression of a “radicalization of Islam,” while Roy instead stresses an “Islamization of radicalism." --Radicalized Loyalties: Becoming Muslim in the West (2018 ) by Fabien Truong

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Islamism (Islam + -ism) or political Islam is a set of ideologies holding that "Islam should guide social and political as well as personal life". "Islamism" is a controversial neologism whose definition sometimes varies (see next section). Islamists can have varying interpretations on various Quranic suras and ayahs. Islamist views emphasize the implementation of Sharia (Islamic law); of pan-Islamic political unity; and of the selective removal of non-Muslim, particularly Western military, economic, political, social, or cultural influences in the Muslim world that they believe to be incompatible with Islam. Some observers (Graham Fuller) suggest Islamism's tenets are less strict, and can be defined as a form of identity politics or "support for [Muslim] identity, authenticity, broader regionalism, revivalism, [and] revitalization of the community". Following the Arab Spring, political Islam has been described as "increasingly interdependent" with political democracy.

Islamists generally oppose the use of the term, claiming that their political beliefs and goals are simply an expression of Islamic religious belief. Similarly, some experts (Bernard Lewis) favor the term "activist Islam", or "political Islam" (Trevor Stanley), and some (Robin Wright) have equated the term "militant Islam" with Islamism.

Central and prominent figures of modern Islamism include Ata Abu Rashta, Sayyid Qutb, Hasan al-Banna, Abul Ala Maududi and Ruhollah Khomeini. Other important figures who inspired various Islamist movements are Jamal-al-Din al-Afghani, Muhammad 'Abduh, Rashid Rida, Muhammad Iqbal, Muhammad Asad, Said Nursî, Taqiuddin al-Nabhani, Ali Shariati, Navvab Safavi, Yusuf al-Qaradawi and Rashid al-Ghannushi.

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Unless indicated otherwise, the text in this article is either based on Wikipedia article "Islamism" or another language Wikipedia page thereof used under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License; or on research by Jahsonic and friends. See Art and Popular Culture's copyright notice.

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