Bossa nova  

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"It was possibly the first popular music where the themes were existential [...] It's part of what makes it high art. Third-world countries usually produce raw materials that are then transformed into capital by first world nations. This happens in industry, but it also happens in the arts. What was revolutionary about bossa nova is that a third-world country was creating high art on its own terms, and selling that art around the world." --Caetano Veloso in "Why bossa nova is 'the highest flowering of Brazilian culture", 2013, The Guardian [1]

"Gilberto played the guitar on the [Canção do Amor Demais] album for the tracks “Chega de Saudade” and “Outra Vez,” which are considered the first bossa nova recordings. Soon after the album's release, Gilberto soloed on a single that featured his own version of “Chega de Saudade” and a song of his own composition, the minimalist “Bim-bom". Bossa nova's popularity now took off." --Brazil Today: An Encyclopedia of Life in the Republic (2012) by John J. Crocitti, ‎Monique Vallance

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Bossa Nova is a style of Brazilian music created by Vinicius de Moraes, Antônio Carlos Jobim and João Gilberto and was first introduced in Brazil in 1958, with Elizete Cardoso's recording of "Chega de Saudade" on the Canção do Amor Demais LP. Composed by Vinícius de Moraes (lyrics) and Antonio Carlos Jobim (music). The song was soon after released by Gilberto himself.

With João Gilberto as "guru", bossa nova acquired a large following right away, initially by young musicians and college students. Gilberto's "Bim-Bom" is often claimed to the first bossa recording.

Themes and lyrics

The lyrical themes found in bossa nova include women, love, longing, homesickness, nature. Bossa Nova was often apolitical. The musical lyrics of the late 1950s depicted the easy life of the middle to upper-class Brazilians, though the majority of the population was in the working class. However, in conjunction with political developments of the early 1960s (especially the 1964 military coup d'état), the popularity of bossa nova was eclipsed by Música popular brasileira, a musical genre that appeared around the mid-1960s, featuring lyrics that were more politically charged, referring explicitly to working class struggle.

Bossa nova "jazz" standards

jazz standard

Bossa nova jazz standards are latin jazz tunes from the that are widely known, performed, and recorded among jazz musicians. Bossa Nova is a style of Brazilian music created by Vinicius de Moraes, Antônio Carlos Jobim and João Gilberto and was first introduced in Brazil in 1958. Bossa nova's musical style evolved from samba but it is more complex harmonically and is less percussive.

There is no definitive list of Bossa nova jazz standards, and the list of songs deemed to be Bossa nova "jazz standards" changes over time. Nevertheless, the songs commonly included in jazz fake books (books containing the melodies and chords to jazz songs) and those that have been widely recorded are a rough guide to the list of Bossa nova jazz standards.

Bossa nova standards include:

See also

Unless indicated otherwise, the text in this article is either based on Wikipedia article "Bossa nova" or another language Wikipedia page thereof used under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License; or on research by Jahsonic and friends. See Art and Popular Culture's copyright notice.

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