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The Gleaners (1857) by Jean-François Millet
The Gleaners (1857) by Jean-François Millet

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Year 1857was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Tuesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar.


Art and culture


In 1857, Gustave Flaubert gets in to legal trouble with the publication of Madame Bovary (1857). After a trial, he is acquitted. Charles Baudelaire publishes the poetry anthology Les Fleurs du mal (1857). He is less lucky than Flaubert, he is given a fine and some of the poems are banned by the French government. The French doctor Bénedict-Auguste Morel publishes a treatise on degeneracy titled Treatise on the Physical, Intellectual and Moral Degeneration of the Human Race (1857) and in the UK, book censorship is for the first time systematically enforced with the first Obscene Publications Act.

Eugène Sue's Les Mystères du peuple was also suppressed in toto by censor Ernest Pinard.

Naturalist Philip Henry Gosse's creationist text Omphalos: An Attempt to Untie the Geological Knot is published in England.

Visual art



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