Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus  

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"What can be said at all can be said clearly; and what we cannot talk about we must pass over in silence"--Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus (1921) by Ludwig Wittgenstein

"The world of the happy man is a different one from that of the unhappy man" --Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus (1921) by Ludwig Wittgenstein

"Ethics and aesthetics are one and the same."--Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus (1921) by Ludwig Wittgenstein

"The Darwinian theory has no more to do with philosophy than has any other hypothesis of natural science."--Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus (1921) by Ludwig Wittgenstein

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Kunstformen der Natur (1904) by Ernst Haeckel
Kunstformen der Natur (1904) by Ernst Haeckel

Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus (1921) is the only book-length work published by Austrian philosopher Ludwig Wittgenstein in his lifetime. He wrote it as a soldier and a prisoner of war during World War I. First published in German in 1921 as Logisch-Philosophische Abhandlung, it is now widely considered one of the most important philosophical works of the twentieth century. The Latin title was originally suggested by G. E. Moore, and is a homage to Tractatus Theologico-Politicus by Benedictus Spinoza. The reason for Wittgenstein's "notorious" literary style—his utterly sober and succinct manner of expressing himself—has generated much speculation by commentators. Though Wittgenstein in later writings sharply differed with the philosophical ideas he expressed in the Tractatus, he retained the basic writing style—short sentences or paragraphs rather than narrative exposition in all of his writings.

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