Joos de Momper
From The Art and Popular Culture Encyclopedia
The Four Seasons are a series of four paintings allegorically depicting spring, summer, autumn and winter in the form of anthropomorphic landscapes. They are believed to be in the collection of Robert Lebel. Joos de Momper the Younger (1564 - 1635), also known as Josse de Momper, is one of the most important Flemish landscape painters between Pieter Brueghel the Elder and Peter Paul Rubens. Brueghel's influence is clearly evident in this many of de Momper's paintings.
Born in 1564 in Antwerp, Joos de Momper was first apprenticed to his father. In the 1580s, he travelled to Italy to study art. De Momper primarily painted landscapes, the genre for which he was well-regarded during his lifetime. He painted both fantasy landscapes, viewed from a high vantage point and employing a conventional Mannerist color transition of brown in the foreground to blue and finally green in the background, and more realistic landscapes with a lower viewpoint and more natural colors. His wide panoramas also feature groups of figures. Only a small number of the 500 paintings attributed to De Momper are signed, and just one is dated.
- Extensive Mountainous Landscape
- Helicon or Minerva's Visit to the Muses - Koninklijk Museum
- Flemish Market and Washing Place - Museo del Prado, Madrid
- Landscape with the Temptation of Christ - National Gallery, Prague
- Mountain Scene with Bridges - Wallraf-Richartz Museum, Cologne