Hortulus Animae  

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Kunstformen der Natur (1904) by Ernst Haeckel
Kunstformen der Natur (1904) by Ernst Haeckel

Hortulus Animae was the Latin title of a prayer book also available in German. It was very popular in the early sixteenth century, printed in many versions, also abroad in Lyons and Kraków.

An earlier well-known work of devotion and of moral instruction, richly illustrated with stories, was "Der Selen Würtzgart", first printed at Ulm in 1483. The title, "Herb garden of the Soul", is similar to later titles.

The first known edition of Hortulus Animae, dated 13 March 1498, was printed at Strassburg by Wilhelm Schaffener of Rappoltsweiler, with German versions appearing in 1501. Later editions contained woodcuts by the well-known engravers Hans Springinklee and Erhard Schön, with beautiful miniatures in some existing manuscript examples, like the one at Vienna (Cod. Bibl. Pal. Vindobonensis. 2706, 1907), which has been reproduced as facsimile by Friedrich Dornhöffer.

Hortulus Animae polonice, a Polish version written by Biernat of Lublin, printed and published in 1513 by Florian Ungler in Kraków, is believed to be the first book printed in the Polish language. The last known copy was lost during World War II.

The work is mentioned briefly at the end of Edgar Allan Poe's short story "The Man of the Crowd."

See also

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