From The Art and Popular Culture Encyclopedia
The Doric order (or in Greek Δωρικός ρυθμός) was one of the three orders or organizational systems of Ancient Greek or classical architecture; the other two canonical orders were the Ionic and the Corinthian.
In their original Greek version, Doric columns stood directly on the flat pavement (the stylobate) of a temple without a base; their vertical shafts were fluted with 20 parallel concave grooves; and they were topped by a smooth capital that flared from the column to meet a square abacus at the intersection with the horizontal beam (entablature) that they carried.
- Perry's Victory and International Peace Memorial in Put-in-Bay, Ohio, is the world's tallest and most massive Doric column at 352 feet (107 m).
- Lord Hill's Column, Shrewsbury, England, is a Doric column standing at 133 feet 6 inches (40.69 m).
- Gate of Paramveer Sidhu , Punjab Chandigarh
- Sir John Summerson, The Classical Language of Architecture Revised edition, 1980 (W.W. Norton)
- James Stevens Curl, Classical Architecture: An Introduction to Its Vocabulary and Essentials, with a Select Glossary of Terms
- Georges Gromort, The Elements of Classical Architecture
- Alexander Tzonis, Classical Architecture: The Poetics of Order (Alexander Tzonis website)