Charenton (asylum)  

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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.
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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.

Charenton was a lunatic asylum, founded in 1645 by the Frères de la Charité in Charenton-Saint-Maurice, now Saint-Maurice, Val-de-Marne, France.

Charenton was known for its humanitarian treatment of patients, especially under its director the Abbé de Coulmier in the early 19th century.

It is perhaps best-known for being the last home of Marquis de Sade who stayed there from 1801 until his death in 1814 at the age of 74.

Famous prisoners

Famous prisoners were held in the Charenton asylum including Latude, the Comte de Sanois and Marquis de Sade (from 1801 until his death in 1814 at the age of 74).

The noted Belgian-born musicologist and composer Jérôme-Joseph de Momigny also died at the Charenton asylum, in 1842. The caricaturist André Gill died there in 1885. The mathematician André Bloch spent the last three decades of his life there, and mathematician Joseph-Émile Barbier also stayed there before being found and brought back into academia by Bertrand.

Today, the psychiatric hospital is known as the Esquirol Hospital (l'Hôpital Esquirol), after Jean-Étienne Dominique Esquirol who directed the institution in the 19th century. The architect of the 1845 structure was Émile Gilbert.

See also

  • Marat/Sade, a play by Peter Weiss set at Charenton and featuring Coulmier and de Sade.
  • Quills, a film set at Charenton and featuring Coulmier and de Sade.




Unless indicated otherwise, the text in this article is either based on Wikipedia article "Charenton (asylum)" or another language Wikipedia page thereof used under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License; or on original research by Jahsonic and friends. See Art and Popular Culture's copyright notice.

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