From The Art and Popular Culture Encyclopedia
With regard to living things, a body is the physical body of an individual. "Body" often is used in connection with appearance, health issues and death. The study of the workings of the body is physiology.
The dead body of a human is referred to as a cadaver, or corpse. The dead bodies of vertebrate animals, insects and humans are somet imes called carcasses. The study of the structure of the body is called anatomy. A carcase is the body of a slaughtered animal, after the removal of offal, that is to be used as meat.
In the views emerging from the mind-body dichotomy, the body is considered in behavior and therefore considered as little valued and trivial in comparison to mind, spirit or soul. Materialist philosophers of mind maintain that the mind is not something separate from the body, but is produced by physiological functions of the brain.
- Regarding corpses