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Venus of Urbino (1538, detail) by Titian, on view in Florence
Venus of Urbino (1538, detail) by Titian, on view in Florence

"The traveller who to-day goes from Rome to Florence by rail, through the noble mountains of Tuscany and Umbria, bridges in a seven hours’ journey a gap of ten centuries in the history of art. He leaves behind him the temples and arches, the Vatican’s marble population of half-nude gods and heroes ; he comes to mediaeval towers, to saints and virgins, and the frescoed folk of the fourteenth century swathed in their heavy garments. The abrupt transition bewilders him ; the sudden change in his artistic surroundings is almost inexplicable. How did it come to pass ? The gods and athletes did not all die at once, nor the saints spring fully armed with attribute and symbol from the brain of Giotto ; surely there was some intermediate period of anticipation and recollection when these incongruous elements were slowly fused together, and when some dim projection of the mediaeval saint stood side by side with a fast-fading memory of the antique demi-god."--Italian Cities (1900) by Edwin Blashfield and Evangeline Wilbour

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Tuscany is a region in Italy known for Firenze, its landscapes, history, artistic legacy, and its influence on high culture. It is regarded as the birthplace of the Italian Renaissance and of the foundations of the Italian language. The prestige established by the Tuscan dialect's use in literature by Dante Alighieri, Petrarch, Giovanni Boccaccio, Niccolò Machiavelli and Francesco Guicciardini led to its subsequent elaboration as the language of culture throughout Italy. It has been home to many figures influential in the history of art and science, and contains well-known museums such as the Uffizi and the Palazzo Pitti.

Tuscany is known for its landscapes and its artistic legacy. Six Tuscan localities have been UNESCO protected sites: the historical center of Florence (1982), the historical center of Siena (1995), the square of the Cathedral of Pisa (1987), the historical center of San Gimignano (1990), the historical center of Pienza (1996) and the Val d'Orcia (2004).

Unless indicated otherwise, the text in this article is either based on Wikipedia article "Tuscany" or another language Wikipedia page thereof used under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License; or on research by Jahsonic and friends. See Art and Popular Culture's copyright notice.

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