The Holocaust  

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"It was left to literature, such as Primo Levi's If This Is a Man (1947) or Robert Antelme's The Human Race (1947) to describe what poetry, according to Theodor Adorno, could not describe."--Sholem Stein

"The fact that, after having been ignored or repressed for decades, the memory of the Holocaust has been transformed today into a kind of civil religion in the Western world, sometimes protected by the law, shows the profound isolation of anti-Semitic discourse and ideas."--The End of Jewish Modernity (2016) by Enzo Traverso

"[ Hitler ] applied to Europe colonialist procedures which until then had been reserved exclusively for the Arabs of Algeria, the 'coolies' of India and the 'niggers' of Africa." --Discourse on Colonialism (1950) by Aimé Césaire

This page The Holocaust is part of the Nazism portal.Illustration: A Child at Gunpoint (1943) from the Stroop Report
This page The Holocaust is part of the Nazism portal.
Illustration: A Child at Gunpoint (1943) from the Stroop Report

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The Holocaust (from the Greek holókauston from olon "completely" and kauston "burnt") is the term generally used to describe the killing of approximately six million European Jews during World War II, as part of a program of deliberate extermination planned and executed by the National Socialist regime in Germany led by Adolf Hitler.

Other groups were persecuted and killed by the regime, including the Roma, Soviet POWs, disabled people, gay men, Jehovah's Witnesses, Catholic Poles, and political prisoners. Many scholars do not include these groups in the definition of the Holocaust, defining it as the genocide of the Jews, or what the Nazis called the "Final Solution of the Jewish Question." Taking into account all the victims of Nazi persecution, the death toll rises considerably: estimates generally place the total number of victims at nine to 11 million.


The Holocaust in art and literature

As one of the defining events of the 20th century, and one of the most stark examples of human brutality in modern history, the Holocaust has had a profound impact on art and literature over the past 60 years.

See also

Involvement of other countries and nationals

Aftermath and historiography


See also

Unless indicated otherwise, the text in this article is either based on Wikipedia article "The Holocaust" or another language Wikipedia page thereof used under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License; or on research by Jahsonic and friends. See Art and Popular Culture's copyright notice.

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