Surrealism and photography  

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"Atget's Paris photos are the forerunners of Surrealist photography" --Walter Benjamin, A Small History of Photography

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Photography came to occupy a central role in Surrealist activity.

In the works of Man Ray and Maurice Tabard, the use of such techniques as multiple exposure, montage, and solarization evoked the union of dream and reality.

Examples of surrealist use of photography include Hans Bellmer photographing his mechanical dolls; René Magritte creating photographic equivalents of his paintings; Père Ubu by Dora Maar depicting a baby armadillo and La Prochaine chambre, an anonymous photo on the cover La Révolution surréaliste (no. 11), showing to men standing around a manhole. André Breton included 44 photographs in his surrealist novel Nadja.

Eugène Atget was a favorite of the surrealists.

A selection of surrealist photographers from the exhibition Begierde im Blick (2005) includes Hans Bellmer, Jacques-André Boiffard, Brassaï, Josef Breitenbach, André Breton, Claude Cahun, Georges Hugnet, Jacques-Henri Lartigue, Eli Lotar, Man Ray, Marcel Mariën, Lee Miller, Paul Nougé, Jean Painlevé, Gaston Paris and Jindřich Štyrský.


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