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"Herein lies the importance, in a cultural and historical sense, of the phonograph record to jazz, more vital than the printed score to Western music."--Shining Trumpets, a History of Jazz (1946) by Rudi Blesh

"Turntablism is the art of using one or more turntables, combined with one or more mixers to create an original musical piece."--Sholem Stein

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The phonograph, record player, or gramophone (from Greek γράμμα, gramma, "letter" and φωνή, phōnē, "voice"), is a device introduced in 1877 for the recording and reproduction of sound recordings. The recordings played on such a device consist of waveforms that are engraved onto a rotating cylinder or disc. As the cylinder or disc rotates, a stylus or needle traces the waveforms and vibrates to reproduce the recorded sound waves.

It was the most common device for playing recorded sound from the 1880s through the 1980s.

See also

Unless indicated otherwise, the text in this article is either based on Wikipedia article "Phonograph" or another language Wikipedia page thereof used under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License; or on research by Jahsonic and friends. See Art and Popular Culture's copyright notice.

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