From The Art and Popular Culture Encyclopedia
Neurodiversity is an idea which asserts that atypical (neurodivergent) neurological development is a normal human difference that is to be recognized and respected as any other human variation. Differences may arise in ways of processing information, including language, sound, images, light, texture, taste, or movement. The concept of neurodiversity is embraced by some autistic individuals and people with related conditions. Some groups apply the concept of neurodiversity to conditions potentially unrelated (or non-concomitant) to autism such as bipolar disorder, ADHD, schizophrenia, circadian rhythm disorders, developmental speech disorders, Parkinson's disease, dyslexia, and dyspraxia.
Proponents and opponents
Neurodiversity was prefigured by the work of French historian and theorist Michel Foucault, whose book Folie et déraison ("Madness and unreason"; published in an abridged version in English as Madness and Civilization, and eventually in full as The History of Madness) influenced the anti-psychiatry movement of the 1960s.
Some parents say they value their children's individuality and want to allow their children to develop naturally. For example, Morton Ann Gernsbacher is a parent of an autistic child and a psychology professor, who argues that autistics need acceptance, not a cure, and endorses the theory that autism cannot be separated from the person.