From The Art and Popular Culture Encyclopedia
Monasticism (from Greek μοναχός, monachos, derived from Greek monos, alone) is the religious practice in which someone renounces worldly pursuits to fully devote their life to spiritual work. The origin of the word is from Ancient Greek, and the idea originally related to Christian monks. Monasticism is a religious way of life.
In the Christian tradition, those pursuing a monastic life are usually called monks or brethren (brothers) if male, and nuns or sisters if female. Both monks and nuns may also be called monastics. Some other religions also include what could be described as "monastic" elements, most notably Buddhism, but also Taoism, Hinduism, and Jainism, though the expressions differ considerably.
- Carmelite Rule of St. Albert
- "Into Great Silence" The award winning documentary of life within the Carthusian monastery of La Grande Chartreuse by Philip Groning.
- Order (religious)