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"O most ingenious Theuth ... you who are the father of letters ... this discovery of yours will create forgetfulness in the learners' souls, because they will not use their memories; they will trust to the external written characters and not remember of themselves. The specific which you have discovered is an aid not to memory, but to reminiscence, and you give your disciples not truth, but only the semblance of truth."--Phaedrus by Plato

"It's a poor sort of memory that only works backwards."--Through the Looking-Glass (1871) by Lewis Carroll

Diagram of the human mind, from Utriusque cosmi maioris scilicet et minoris metaphysica, page 217[2] by Robert Fludd

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In psychology, memory is an organism's ability to store, retain, and subsequently recall information. Traditional studies of memory began in the realms of philosophy, including techniques of artificially enhancing the memory. The late nineteenth and early twentieth century put memory within the paradigms of cognitive psychology. In recent decades, it has become one of the principal pillars of a new branch of science called cognitive neuroscience, a marriage between cognitive psychology and neuroscience.


Memory failures

memory bias, déjà vu, false memory syndrome

See also

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