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"One of the first well-known fatwas was proclaimed in 1989 by the Iranian Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, against Salman Rushdie over his novel The Satanic Verses."--Sholem Stein

Zan, zendegi, azadi.

Vestiges of the Alamut Castle (photo Payampak)
Vestiges of the Alamut Castle (photo Payampak)

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Iran is a country in the Middle East known as Persia until 1935. Official name: Islamic Republic of Iran.

The country is bordered on the north by Armenia, Azerbaijan and Turkmenistan, with Kazakhstan and Russia to the north across the Caspian Sea. Iran is bordered on the east by Afghanistan and Pakistan, on the south by the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman, on the west by Iraq and on the northwest by Turkey.

Growing dissent against foreign influence and political repression led to the 1979 Revolution and the establishment of an Islamic republic.


Persian literature

Contemporary Iranian literature is influenced by Persian classical poetry of the 11th to 14th centuries, often inspired by Sufism, and notably by poets such as Omar Khayyám, Rumi, Sa'adi and Hafez.

Contemporary Iranian literature includes such figures as Houshang Moradi-Kermani, the most translated modern Iranian author, and poet Ahmad Shamlou.

See also

Unless indicated otherwise, the text in this article is either based on Wikipedia article "Iran" or another language Wikipedia page thereof used under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License; or on research by Jahsonic and friends. See Art and Popular Culture's copyright notice.

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