Gardiner's sign list  

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Gardiner's Sign List is a list of common Egyptian hieroglyphs compiled by Sir Alan Gardiner. It is considered a standard reference in the study of Ancient Egyptian hieroglyphs.

Gardiner lists only the common forms of Egyptian hieroglyphs, but he includes extensive subcategories, and also both vertical and horizontal forms for many hieroglyphs. He includes size-variation forms to aid with the reading of hieroglyphs in running blocks of text. (The Budge Reference has about 1000 hieroglyphs listed in 50 pages, but with no size varieties.)

Unfortunately he does not cross index signs, once put on the list, other significant uses may be overlooked. One example of this is G16, nbtỉ, the ideogram for The Two Ladies, goddesses Wadjet as cobra and Nekhbet as the white vulture. These are the protecting and patron goddesses of the separate Egyptian kingdoms that joined into Ancient Egypt, who were both then displayed on the uraeus of Wadjet when the unification occurred and afterward considered jointly to be the protectors of Egypt and the pharaohs. This ideogram is listed only on the bird list as G16, and overlooked on the deity list and the reptile list.

Other subcategories included by Gardiner are abbreviations and personalized forms, and also a complete subset, used on papyrus, specifically for the Book of the Dead.

A. Man and his Occupations

’’List of hieroglyphs/A’’

Group A consists of 55 symbols and can be subdivided into 30 sitting mens, 20 standing mens as well as various other lying, standing or falling figures

B. Woman and her Occupations

’’List of hieroglyphs/B’’

C. Anthropomorphic Deities

’’List of hieroglyphs/C’’

{{See|Egyptian pantheon]]’’

D. Parts of the Human Body

’’List of hieroglyphs/D’’

E. Mammals

’’List of hieroglyphs/E’’

F. Parts of Mammals

’’List of hieroglyphs/F’’

G. Birds

’’List of hieroglyphs/G’’

H. Parts of Birds

’’List of hieroglyphs/H’’

I. Amphibious Animals, Reptiles, etc.

’’List of hieroglyphs/I’’

K. Fish and Parts of Fish

’’List of hieroglyphs/K’’

L. Invertebrates and Lesser Animals

’’List of hieroglyphs/L’’

M. Trees and Plants

’’List of hieroglyphs/M’’

N. Sky, Earth, Water

[[File:Gardiners List N1-N24.png|thumb|right|180px|Gardiner list N. Sky, Earth, Water]]

’’List of hieroglyphs/N’’

O. Buildings, Parts of Buildings, etc.

’’List of hieroglyphs/O’’

P. Ships and Parts of Ships

’’List of hieroglyphs/P’’

Q. Domestics and Funerary Furniture

’’List of hieroglyphs/Q’’

R. Temple Furniture and Sacred Emblems

’’List of hieroglyphs/R’’

S. Crowns, Dress, Staves, etc.

’’List of hieroglyphs/S’’

T. Warfare, Hunting, Butchery

’’List of hieroglyphs/T’’

U. Agriculture, Crafts, and Professions

’’List of hieroglyphs/U’’

V. Rope, Fiber, Baskets, Bags, etc.

’’List of hieroglyphs/V’’

W. Vessels of Stone and Earthenware

’’List of hieroglyphs/W’’

X. Loaves and Cakes

’’List of hieroglyphs/X’’

Y. Writings, Games, Music

’’List of hieroglyphs/Y’’

Z. Strokes, Signs derived from Hieratic, Geometrical Figures

’’List of hieroglyphs/Z’’

Aa. Unclassified

’’List of hieroglyphs/AA’’

See also

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