Four temperaments  

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Four Temperaments is a theory of psychology that stems from the ancient medical concept of four humors, or "humours" in UK English.

The four humours were four fluids that were thought to permeate the body and influence its health. The concept was developed by ancient Greek thinkers around 400 BC and developed further by Galen. People were thought to be either of the four temperaments: choleric, melancholic, phlegmatic, or sanguine.

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