Far East  

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"In the Far East, Gupta and Classic India and Sung China were probably the most highly civilized areas in the world. China, under the stimulus of Zen Buddhism, reached a Golden Age in all the arts as it expanded geographically south and west. India also attained one of its highest levels with the renascence of Brahmanism, and expanded into Indo-China and the East Indies. In the thirteenth century the rise and spread of the Mongol Empire from the Pacific to central Europe brought close intercourse between the khans and the Western peoples. This not only broadened the horizon of the Europeans as they learned of the magnificence and the luxuries of the East, but also led to a demand for those luxuries and hence to an increase in trade by land and sea, and of travel to those fabulous countries by such intrepid travelers as Marco Polo. Iran continued, as in ancient times, to be a cross-roads by which Eastern forms came to Europe to find a place in European art. This movement was intensified by the activities of the Crusades." --Gardner's Art Through the Ages (1926) by Helen Gardner

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The Far East is a term often used by people in the Western world to refer to the countries of East Asia. It is a Eurocentric term that nevertheless retains strong popular usage. "Far East" came because from Europe the Eastern Asia is the "farthest" of the two "easts" (the others being Near East and Middle East) literally near the Pacific Ocean.

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Unless indicated otherwise, the text in this article is either based on Wikipedia article "Far East" or another language Wikipedia page thereof used under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License; or on research by Jahsonic. See Art and Popular Culture's copyright notice.

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