Elements of art  

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The Music of Gounod, a 'thoughtform' from Thought Forms (1901) by Annie Besant & Charles Webster Leadbeater
The Music of Gounod, a 'thoughtform' from Thought Forms (1901) by Annie Besant & Charles Webster Leadbeater

"It would be hard to find any reputable literary critic today who would care to be caught defending as an idea the old antithesis of style versus content. On this issue a pious consensus prevails. Everyone is quick to avow that style and content are indissoluble, that the strongly individual style of each important writer is an organic aspect of his work and never something merely "decorative." --"On Style (1966) - Susan Sontag

The Bouba/kiki effect (1929)

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The elements of art are a commonly used group of aspects of a work of art used in teaching and analysis, in combination with the principles of art Objects placed at a distance are rendered with less details, clarity, and intensity than closer ones. Three-dimensional Space work is created with the help of shading, which gives it a feeling of depth. Space can also be created by overlapping objects.



Texture is the feeling or visual effect created by repetition and variation of form, colours, value, or patterns of line, often seen in textiles and natural surfaces. There are two types of texture: Optical (visual) texture, and texture which can be physically (tactile). So how something would feel ,rough, smooth, bumpy, coarse etc. is a description of its texture.



Form may be created by the forming of two or more shapes or as three-dimensional shape (cube, pyramid, sphere, etc). It may be enhanced by tone, texture and colour. Form is considered three-dimensional showing height, width and depth. Examples of these are sculpture, theatre play, figurines.


Line is most easily defined as a mark that spans a distance between two points, taking any form along the way. As an art element, line pertains to the use of various marks, outlines and implied lines in artwork and design, most often used to define shape in two-dimensional work. Implied line is the path that the viewer's eye takes as it follows shapes, colors, and form along a path, but may not be continuous or physically connected, such as the line created by a dancer's arms, torso, and legs when performing an arabesque.


Color pertains to the use of hue in artwork and design. Defined as Primary Colors (red, yellow, blue), which cannot be mixed in pigment from other hues, Secondary Colors (green, orange, violet) which are directly mixed from combination's of primary colors. Further combination's of primary and secondary colors create tertiary (and more) hues. Tint and Shade are references to adding variations in Valueother tertiary colours are derived by mixing either a primary or secondary colour with a neutral colour. e.g Red + White = Pink.


Value pertains to the use of light and dark, shade and highlight, in an artwork. Black and white photography depends entirely on value to define its subjects. Value is directly related to contrast.



Shape pertains to the use of areas in two dimensional space that can be defined by edges, setting one flat specific space apart from another. Shapes can be geometric (e.g.: square, circle, triangle, hexagon, etc.) or organic (such as the shape of a puddle, blob, leaf, boomerang, etc.) in nature. Shapes are defined by other elements of art: space, line, texture, value, color, form.

See also

Unless indicated otherwise, the text in this article is either based on Wikipedia article "Elements of art" or another language Wikipedia page thereof used under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License; or on research by Jahsonic and friends. See Art and Popular Culture's copyright notice.

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