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The terms Chicano and Chicana (also spelled Xicana) are used in reference to U.S. citizens of Mexican descent. The term began to be widely used during the Chicano Movement, mainly among Mexican Americans, especially in the movement's peak in the late 1960s and early 1970s. For Mexicans the meaning of Chicano meant "poorest of the poor" but during the Civil Rights movement they used the word to unite themselves.

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