From The Art and Popular Culture Encyclopedia
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Words of Art is an online glossary for Canadian visual arts theory and criticism. Created by Robert Belton, Dean of Arts, the web site is maintained by the Department of Fine Arts, Okanagan University College. Words of Art
Example entry: subculture vs counter-culture
- Conventionally, [a subculture is] any group sharing characteristics which are distinctive enough to differentiate them from other groups within a larger or "parent" culture. These characteristics may be economic, ethnic, political, or any matter of lifestyle. More particularly, "subculture" is used to designate those smaller groups which function in opposition to the larger culture, as in the punk subculture discussed in Dick Hebdige's Subculture: The Meaning of Style (1979). Stuart Hall (et al., Resistance Through Rituals ) distinguishes subculture, which he sees as informally and intuitively organized, from "counter-culture," which he sees as more formally arranged and more expressly political and consciously ideological. In this scheme, punks were subcultural and hippies were counter-cultural.--Robert Belton, http://people.ok.ubc.ca/creative/glossary/s_list.html#subculture [Sept 2003]
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