Woman's Christian Temperance Union  

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Kunstformen der Natur (1904) by Ernst Haeckel
Kunstformen der Natur (1904) by Ernst Haeckel

The Woman's Christian Temperance Union (WCTU) is the oldest continuing non-sectarian women's organization worldwide. Founded in Evanston, Illinois in 1873, the group spearheaded the crusade for prohibition. Members in Fredonia, New York advanced their cause by entering saloons, singing, praying, and urging saloon keepers to stop selling alcohol. Subsequently, on December 22, 1873, they were the first local organization to adopt the name Woman's Christian Temperance Union. The National Woman’s Christian Temperance Union was founded in Cleveland in November 1874.

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