Witches' Sabbath (The Great He-Goat)  

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Kunstformen der Natur (1904) by Ernst Haeckel
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Kunstformen der Natur (1904) by Ernst Haeckel

Witches' Sabbath or The Great He-Goat are names given to a mural probably completed between 1820 and 1823 by the Spanish artist Francisco Goya. The work shows Satan in the form of a silhouetted goat presiding in moonlight over a coven of disfigured, ugly and terrified witches. It is one of the 14 so-called Black Paintings that Goya executed in oil directly onto the plaster walls of his house. The painting is now in the Museo del Prado in Madrid although parts of both ends were lost during the transfer. It is generally assumed to be a satire on the credulity of the age and a mocking condemnation of both popular superstition and the witch trials of the Spanish Inquisition.




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