Weltschmerz  

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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.
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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.

Weltschmerz (from the German meaning world-pain or world-weariness) is a term coined by the German author Jean Paul and denotes the kind of feeling experienced by someone who understands that the physical reality can never satisfy the demands of the mind. This kind of pessimistic world view was widespread among several romantic authors such as Lord Byron, Giacomo Leopardi, François-René de Chateaubriand, Alfred de Musset, Nikolaus Lenau and Heinrich Heine.

It is also used to denote the feeling of sadness when thinking about the evils of the world – compare empathy, theodicy.

The modern meaning of Weltschmerz in the German language is the psychological pain caused by sadness, that can occur when realizing that someone's own weaknesses are caused by the inappropriateness and cruelty of the world and (physical and social) circumstances. Weltschmerz in this meaning can cause depression, resignation and escapism, and can become a mental problem (compare to Hikikomori).

The modern meaning should also be compared with the concept of anomie, or a kind of alienation, that Émile Durkheim wrote about in his sociological treatise Suicide.

John Steinbeck wrote about this feeling in The Winter of Our Discontent and referred to it as the Welshrats and in East of Eden it is felt by Samuel Hamilton after meeting Cathy Trask for the first time.

In pop music, pseudo-Weltschmerz and especially dark "romanticism" play an important part in the goth subculture.

This word helped determine the 2006 Scripps National Spelling Bee Champion, with the runner-up, Finola Hackett of Canada, misspelling it by one letter in the 19th round, spelling it "Veltschmerz" instead of "Weltschmerz".

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Unless indicated otherwise, the text in this article is either based on Wikipedia article "Weltschmerz" or another language Wikipedia page thereof used under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License; or on original research by Jahsonic and friends. See Art and Popular Culture's copyright notice.

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