From The Art and Popular Culture Encyclopedia
Murals of sorts, date to prehistoric times, such as the paintings on the Caves of Lascaux in southern France, but the term became famous with the Mexican "muralista" art movement (Diego Rivera, David Siqueiros, or José Orozco). There are many different styles and techniques. The best-known is probably fresco, which uses water soluble paints with a damp lime wash, a rapid use of the resulting mixture over a large surface, and often in parts (but with a sense of the whole). The colors lighten as they dry.
Murals today are painted in a variety of ways, using oil or water based media. The styles can vary from abstract to trompe-l'œil (a French term for "fool" or "trick the eye"). Today, the beauty of a wall mural has become much more widely available with a technique whereby a painting or photographic image is transferred to poster paper which is then pasted to a wall surface.
History of Mexican murals
Mexican murals are an important part of Mexican culture and history, murals have been used for political, social, environmental, and cultural representation.
Mayans and Aztecs
Mural painting has deep roots in the history of Mexico. For thousands of years indigenous people of Mexico, like the Mayans and Aztecs, painted on their temples and palaces with scenes of everyday life. Some included human sacrifices, battles, celebrations, dancers, musicians, and the clothing they wore. These murals are important because they show in detail how the Mayans and Aztecs ancient civilization were back then in history.
Starting in the early 1900s some of the greatest muralist of Mexico were called the Los Tres Grandes, Diego Rivera, Jose Clemente Orozco, and David Siqueiros. Their work had a profound impact on artist internationally. After the Mexican Revolution in the 1920’s, these artist were sensitive to the impact of social and political conditions in Mexico. They used their art as a visual dialogue with their native people.
The Chicano Movement of the 1960’s that stem from the Mexican Muralist found a place in southwest United States. The Chicano muralist had their own unique style. Their inspiration for their murals, document history, express cultural identities, and inspire political social activism that was influenced by the Civil Rights Movement.
Today, Chicano’s still use the walls of public places to place the history, struggles, hopes, needs, and dreams of its people.
- Bogside Artists
- Brixton murals
- Detachment of wall paintings
- Murals of Kerala, India
- Newtown area graffiti and street art
- Public art
- Socialist realism
- The Manchester Murals
- Tiled printing