From The Art and Popular Culture Encyclopedia
Victoria (Alexandrina Victoria; 24 May 1819 – 22 January 1901) was the Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland from 20 June 1837 until her death. Her reign lasted sixty-three years and seven months, longer than that of any other British monarch. In general, the period centered on her reign is known as the Victorian era.
The Victorian era was at the height of the Industrial Revolution, a period of significant social, economic, and technological progress in the United Kingdom. Victoria's reign was marked by a great expansion of the British Empire; during this period it reached its zenith, becoming the foremost Global Power of the time.
Victoria was almost entirely of German descent.