Urania (magazine)  

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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.
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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.

Urania is an Italian science fiction magazine published by Arnoldo Mondadori Editore since October 10, 1952.

Contents

History

The first issue featured the novel The Sands of Mars by Arthur C. Clarke (as Le sabbie di Marte). The original name of the series was I Romanzi di Urania ("Urania's novels"), to differentiate it from another magazine with the same name (but popularly known as Urania Rivista, "Urania Magazine"), which featured only short stories. The latter, however, lasted only 14 issues, and Romanzi di Urania soon took the simpler name, which still holds today. Short story collections were thenceforth published in the main series, which at its height had a weekly periodicity with a circulation of 160,000 copies a month. Since the very beginning Urania has been indeed the best selling SF magazine of Italy, also introducing to Italian readers some famed authors like Isaac Asimov, Alfred Elton van Vogt, Robert A. Heinlein, J. G. Ballard, Philip K. Dick and many others. The first editor was Giorgio Monicelli (brother of movie director Mario Monicelli): Monicelli is credited with the invention of the word fantascienza, meaning science-fiction in Italian. From 1964 to 1985 novels and short stories were selected by the renowned Italian writers and intellectuals Carlo Fruttero and Franco Lucentini, who also appeared in the magazine with a few short stories written under pseudonyms. Their successor was Gianni Montanari, a well-known SF editor and writer, who worked for the magazine until 1990.

Most of the novels and short stories were from US and British authors (with some French novels in the 1950s). Italian authors appeared uncredited, only under pseudonyms. In recent times Italian SF writers are a more frequent presence. The competition of Premio Urania ("Urania Award") was launched in 1990, open to all previously unpublished Italian novels from famous or unknown authors. The winner is awarded with publication in the magazine. The first winner was Vittorio Catani with his Gli universi di Moras (Urania #1120). In 1994 Urania published the first novel by now-world-famed Valerio Evangelisti, who had won the Premio Urania for that year with Nicholas Eymerich, inquisitore. Other winners include Nicoletta Vallorani and Massimo Mongai.

Cover artists

First covers were by Carlo Jacono and Kurt Caesar, but the «golden era» of the magazine was marked by the renowned Dutch painter Karel Thole, who introduced his unparalleled, bizarre medley of surrealism, horror, classical citations and sense of humour. Other outstanding cover artists who worked for Urania were Vicente Segrelles from Spain (1988-1991) and Oscar Chichoni from Argentina (1990s). Current cover artist is Franco Brambilla.

Spin-offs

The magazine sprung a great deal of spin-off series, mostly short-lived and ceased today:

  • Notable exception of this rule is Millemondi, which started in 1970s with 3/4 monthly periodicity. It reprints famous novels by greatest SF authors which have been already published in the main series. Sometimes it houses previously unpublished collections of short stories.
  • Urania Argento ("Silver Urania") was a monthly series started in 1995 with impressive covers by Oscar Chichoni and more lengthy, previously unpublished novels: it lasted 14 numbers.
  • Urania Blu of 1984 was intended to reprint major short-stories collections and other works (notably a collection of articles about science fiction by Isaac Asimov), but had an unlucky run of only 4 numbers.
  • Urania Biblioteca was another series of reprints with irregular periodicity.
  • Classici Urania (now ceased) was a monthly reprint of the best novels and anthologies of the main series.
  • Urania Fantasy was a monthly series dedicated to fantasy titles: it had little success and was stopped after some 70 numbers.
  • Urania Collezione started in 2003 and is still monthly outgoing: it is similar to Classici Urania but has revised translations (until 1980s novels were extensively abridged) and a different, better packaging.

For many years Urania included a comic strip section: main titles were B.C. by Johnny Hart, The Wizard of Id, by the same Hart and Brant Parker and Catfish by Bollen & Peterman.

Today

Urania is currently published every month, but with a slightly decreasing success; Urania Collezione sells a little more copies. Urania is by far the longest life science fiction series published in Italy (in July 2005 the issue number 1500 was released: it contained the translation of Stories for Men, a short novel by John Kessel; Il ranch di Cranwell, a short novel by Giorgio Monicelli; and short stories by Fruttero & Lucentini, Gianni Montanari, and Giuseppe Lippi). Both series share editor-in-chief Giuseppe Lippi and cover artist Franco Brambilla.



Unless indicated otherwise, the text in this article is either based on Wikipedia article "Urania (magazine)" or another language Wikipedia page thereof used under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License; or on original research by Jahsonic and friends. See Art and Popular Culture's copyright notice.

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