Union of Arras  

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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.
Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.

The Union of Arras (Dutch: Unie van Atrecht, Spanish: Unión de Arrás) was an accord signed on 6 January 1579 in Arras, under which the southern states of the Netherlands, today in the Wallonia region of Belgium and the Nord-Pas-de-Calais (and Picardy) régions in France, expressed their loyalty to the Spanish king Philip II and recognized his Governor-General, Don Juan of Austria. It is to be distinguished from the Union of Utrecht, signed later in the same month.

These were the conditions:

  • There should be no more garrisons of foreign troops;
  • The Council of State should be organized like that of the time of Charles V;
  • Two thirds of the council members should be installed by all member states consenting.
  • All privileges that were in force before the Dutch Revolt should be reinstated.
  • Catholicism was the only religion. Any other religion (i.e. Calvinism) should be abolished.

The regions that signed it were:

The regions that favored the Union, but did not sign it, were

Alexander Farnese, the Duke of Parma, used these counties as a base to start his conquest of the separatist parts (members of the Union of Utrecht).

Unless indicated otherwise, the text in this article is either based on Wikipedia article "Union of Arras" or another language Wikipedia page thereof used under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License; or on original research by Jahsonic and friends. See Art and Popular Culture's copyright notice.

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