Timeline of medicine and medical technology  

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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.
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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.

Timeline of the history of medicine and medical technology.

Contents

Antiquity

Middle Ages

1500–1800

1800–1899

1900–1999

  • 1901 – Karl Landsteiner discovers the existence of different human blood types
  • 1901 – Alois Alzheimer identifies the first case of what becomes known as Alzheimer's disease
  • 1903 - Willem Einthoven discovers electrocardiography (ECG/EKG)
  • 1906 – Frederick Hopkins suggests the existence of vitamins and suggests that a lack of vitamins causes scurvy and rickets
  • 1907 – Paul Ehrlich develops a chemotherapeutic cure for sleeping sickness
  • 1908 – Victor Horsley and R. Clarke invents the stereotactic method
  • 1909 – First Intrauterine device described by Richard Richter.
  • 1910 - Hans Christian Jacobeus performs the first laparoscopy on humans
  • 1917 – Julius Wagner-Jauregg discovers the malarial fever shock therapy for general paresis of the insane
  • 1921 – Edward Mellanby discovers vitamin D and shows that its absence causes rickets
  • 1921 – Frederick Banting and Charles Best discover insulin – important for the treatment of diabetes
  • 1921 – Fidel Pagés pioneers epidural anesthesia
  • 1923 – First vaccine for Diphtheria
  • 1926 – First vaccine for Pertussis
  • 1927 – First vaccine for Tuberculosis
  • 1927 – First vaccine for Tetanus
  • 1928 – Alexander Fleming discovers penicillin
  • 1929 – Hans Berger discovers human electroencephalography
  • 1932 – Gerhard Domagk develops a chemotherapeutic cure for streptococcus
  • 1933 – Manfred Sakel discovers insulin shock therapy
  • 1935 – Ladislas J. Meduna discovers metrazol shock therapy
  • 1935 – First vaccine for Yellow Fever
  • 1936 – Egas Moniz discovers prefrontal lobotomy for treating mental diseases
  • 1938 – Ugo Cerletti and Lucio Bini discover electroconvulsive therapy
  • 1943 – Willem J Kolff build the first dialysis machine
  • 1944 - Disposable Catheter - David Sheridan [18]
  • 1946 - Chemotherapy - Alfred Gilman and Louis S Goodman [18]
  • 1947 - Defibrillator - Claude Beck [18]
  • 1948 - Acetaminophen - Julis Axelrod [18]
  • 1949 – First implant of intraocular lens, by Sir Harold Ridley
  • 1949 - Ventilator - Jone Emerson [18]
  • 1952 – Jonas Salk develops the first polio vaccine
  • 1952 - Cloning - Robert Briggs & Thomas King [18]
  • 1953 - Heart-Lung Machine - Dr John Heysham Gibbon [18]
  • 1953 - Medical Ultrasonography - Inge Edler [18]
  • 1954 - Joseph Murray performs the first human kidney transplant (on identical twins)
  • 1954 - Ventouse - Tage Malmstrom [18]
  • 1955 - Tetracycline - Lloyd Conover [18]
  • 1956 - Beta Blockers - Sir James Black [18]
  • 1956 - Metered Dose Inhaler - 3M [18]
  • 1956 - Synthetic Blood - Thomas Chan [18]
  • 1957 – William Grey Walter invents the brain EEG topography (toposcope)
  • 1959 - In Vitro Fertilization - Min Chueh Chang [18]
  • 1960 – Invention of Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR)
  • 1960 – First combined oral contraceptive approved by the FDA
  • 1962 - Hip Replacement - John Charnley [18]
  • 1962 – First Oral Polio Vaccine
  • 1963 - Artificial Heart - Paul Winchell [18]
  • 1963 - Thomas Starzl performs the first human liver transplant
  • 1963 - James Hardy performs the first human lung transplant
  • 1963 - Valium (diazepam) - Leo H Sternbach [18]
  • 1964 – First vaccine for Measles
  • 1965 – Frank Pantridge installs the first portable defibrillator
  • 1965 - Rubella Vaccine - Harry Martin Meyer [18]
  • 1965 – First commercial ultrasound
  • 1966 - Richard Lillehei performs the first human pancreas transplant
  • 1967 – First vaccine for Mumps
  • 1967 – Christiaan Barnard performs the first human heart transplant
  • 1968 - Powered Prothesis - Samuel Alderson [18]
  • 1968 - Controlled Drug Delivery - Alejandro Zaffaroni [18]
  • 1969 - Internet - Advanced Research Project Agency (ARPA) [18]
  • 1969 - Balloon Catheter - Thomas Fogarty [18]
  • 1969 - Cochlear Implant - William House [18]
  • 1970 – First vaccine for Rubella
  • 1970 - Cyclosporine, the first effective immunosuppressive drug is introduced in organ transplant practice
  • 1971 - Genetically Modified Organisms - Ananda Chakrabart [18]
  • 1971 - Magnetic Resonance Imaging - Raymond Vahan Damadian [18]
  • 1971 - Computed Tomography (CT or CAT Scan) - Godfrey Hounsfield [18]
  • 1971 - Transdermal Patches - Alejandro Zaffaroni [18]
  • 1971 – Sir Godfrey Hounsfield invents the first commercial CT scanner
  • 1972 - Insulin Pump - Dean Kamen [18]
  • 1973 - Laser Eye Surgery - Mani Lai Bhaumik [18]
  • 1974 - Liposuction - Giorgio Fischer [18]
  • 1976 – First commercial PET scanner
  • 1978 – Last fatal case of smallpox
  • 1979 Antiviral Drugs - George Hitchings & Gertrude Elion [18]
  • 1980 – Raymond Damadian builds first commercial MRI scanner
  • 1980 - Lithotripter - Dornier Research Group [18]
  • 1980 – First vaccine for Hepatitis B - Dr Baruch Blimberg [18]
  • 1981 - Artificial Skin - John F Burke & Ioannis V Yannas [18]
  • 1981 - Bruce Reitz performs the first human heart-lung combined transplant
  • 1982 - Humulin insulin - Eli Lilly [18]
  • Interferon Cloning - Dr Sidney Pestika [18]
  • 1985 - Automated DNA Sequencer - Leroy Hood & Lloyd Smith [18]
  • 1985 - Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) - Kaery Mullis [18]
  • 1985 - Surgical Robot - Dr Yik San Kwoh [18]
  • 1985 - DNA Fingerprinting - Alec Jeffreys [18]
  • 1985 - Capsule Endoscopy - Tarun Mullick [18]
  • 1986 - Fluoxetine HCl - Eli Lilly and Co [18]
  • 1987 – Ben Carson, leading a 70-member medical team in Germany, was the first to separate occipital craniopagus twins.
  • 1987 - Statins - Merck & Co. [18]
  • 1987 - Tissue Engineering - Joseph Vacanti & Robert Langer [18]
  • 1988 - Intravascular Stent - Julio Palmaz [18]
  • 1988 - Laser Cataract Surgery - Dr Patricia Bath [18]
  • 1989 - Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis (PGD) - Alan Handyside [18]
  • 1989 - DNA Microarray - Stephen Fodor [18]
  • 1989 - World Wide Web WWW - Tim Berners-Lee [18]
  • 1990 - Gamow Bag ® - Dr Igor Gamow [18]
  • 1992 – First vaccine for Hepatitis A available
  • 1992 - Electroactive Polymer (Artificial Muscle) - SRI International [18]
  • 1992 - Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI) - Andre van Steirteghem [18]
  • 1998 - Stem Cell Therapy - James Thomson [18]

2000 – present

  • 26 June 2000 - Human Genome draft completed
  • 2001 Telesurgery - Jacques Marescaux [18]
  • 2001 Artificial Liver - Kenneth Matsumura [18]
  • 2001 Self-Healing Materials Scott White [18]
  • 2002 Chitosan Bandages by HemCon [18]
  • 2003 – Carlo Urbani, of Doctors without Borders alerted the World Health Organization to the threat of the SARS virus, triggering the most effective response to an epidemic in history. Urbani succumbs to the disease himself in less than a month.
  • 2005 – Jean-Michel Dubernard performs the first partial face transplant
  • 2006 – First HPV vaccine approved
  • 2006 – Second rotavirus vaccine approved (first was withdrawn)
  • 2007 - Visual Prosthetic (bionic eye)Argus II [18]
  • 2008 – Laurent Lantieri performs the first full face transplant

See also

Footnote

1. The dates given for these medical works are uncertain. A Tribute to Hinduism suggests that Sushruta lived in the 5th century BC.





Unless indicated otherwise, the text in this article is either based on Wikipedia article "Timeline of medicine and medical technology" or another language Wikipedia page thereof used under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License; or on original research by Jahsonic and friends. See Art and Popular Culture's copyright notice.

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