Theodoor van Thulden  

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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.
Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.

Theodoor van Thulden (1606–12 July 1669) was an artist from 's-Hertogenbosch in North Brabant who was active in that city and in Antwerp. His style is heavily indebted to Peter Paul Rubens, with whom he frequently worked, and he is important for bringing aspects of Flemish Baroque painting into the Dutch Republic. Attracted by the opportunities for large history and painting available in the Southern Netherlands that were not available in the cities in the north, he travelled to Antwerp around 1621. In 1626 he became a master in the Guild of St. Luke. He worked in France, making copies of Mannerist paintings at Fontainebleau and working in Paris from 1631 and 1633. Van Thulden returned to Antwerp in 1634, where he worked frequently with Rubens. One of the large projects during this period was the production of engravings after Rubens's decorations for the joyous entry of Cardinal-Infante Ferdinand in 1635 (published in 1642). He returned to North Brabant in 1643, settling in his home city. Van Thulden continued to paint altarpieces and other commissions for Catholic patrons in the Southern Netherlands as well as political allegories–many related to the 1648 Peace of Westphalia–for local patrons. He also participated in the decorations for the Oranjezaal in the Huis ten Bosch, The Hague, a commission for Amalia von Solms that brought together Dutch and Flemish artists such as Gerard van Honthorst and Jacob Jordaens.

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