The medical "discovery" of addiction  

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Almost any drug has been declared/defended by the medical world beneficial for existing addictions, which was in most cases alcohol addiction.

The earliest British medical writing that characterized excessive drinking as a disease was Thomas Trotter's (1804) "An Essay, Medical, Philosophical, and Chemical on Drunkenness and Its Effects on the Human Body"[1]. Trotter's notion remained undeveloped for years. British medical writers treated the topic desultorily and unevenly. Some physicians who were active in the temperance and teetotal movements, such as William B. Carpenter and Norman Kerr, went on to write and speak about the "medical" side of the problem. Although isolated forays into the field were made in the middle decades of the century, the medicalization of habitual drunkenness and drug habituation did not gather momentum until the 1870s. --Susan Zieger, Sept 2002, [2] [Jun 2004]

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