The Republic (Plato)
From The Art and Popular Culture Encyclopedia
The Republic (Greek: Politeía) is a Socratic dialogue by Plato, written approximately 360 BC. It is one of the most influential works of philosophy and political theory, and perhaps Plato's best known work.
In it, Socrates along with various Athenians and foreigners discuss the meaning of justice and examine whether or not the just man is happier than the unjust man by considering a series of different cities coming into existence "in speech", culminating in a city (Kallipolis) ruled by philosopher-kings; and by examining the nature of existing regimes. The participants also discuss the theory of forms, the immortality of the soul, and the roles of the philosopher and of poetry in society.
On art and censorhip
A number of provisions aim to avoid making the people weak: the substitution of a universal educational system for men and women instead of debilitating music, poetry and theatre—a startling departure from Greek society. These provisions apply to all classes, and the restrictions placed on the philosopher-kings chosen from the warrior class and the warriors are much more severe than those placed on the producers, because the rulers must be kept away from any source of corruption.
- Ring of Gyges
- Noble Lie
- Philosopher king
- Metaphor of the sun
- Analogy of the divided line
- Allegory of the Cave
- The Form of the Good
- Myth of Er
- Ship of state
- Plato's Republic in popular culture
- Mixed government
- Socrates's metaphor of the three beds
- (Philosophy is) the yelping hound howling at her lord (poetry)