The Haçienda  

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"Ivan Chtcheglov wrote "Formulary for a New Urbanism" (1953) which was an inspiration to the Letterist International and Situationist International. It included the phrase "the hacienda must be built", which influenced Tony Wilson of Factory Records in naming his Manchester night-club, The Haçienda."--Sholem Stein

"Millionaire Tony Wilson's company Factory Records was one of the sponsors of the 1989 ICA exhibition (along with Beck's beer). Wilson also collected Situationist-linked artworks, including Debord's "Psychogeographical Map of Paris" (1953)."--Sholem Stein

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Kunstformen der Natur (1904) by Ernst Haeckel
Kunstformen der Natur (1904) by Ernst Haeckel

Fac 51 Haçienda (also known as simply The Haçienda) was one of the best known nightclubs in Manchester during the Madchester years of the late 1980s and early 1990s. Originally conceived by Rob Gretton, it was largely financed by the record label Factory Records and the band New Order along with Tony Wilson. It was located on the corner of Whitworth Street West and Albion Street, close to Castlefield, in the centre of the city. FAC 51 was its official designation in the Factory catalogue. New Order and Factory label boss Tony Wilson were directors of the club.


The Haçienda lost its entertainments licence in June 1997, following a final gig on June 15 by Spiritualized and remained open for a short period as an art gallery before finally going bankrupt and closing for good. After the Haçienda officially closed, it was used as a venue for two free parties organised by the Manchester free party scene. One of the parties ended in a police siege of the building while the party continued inside. Sadly these parties resulted in considerable damage and painted graffiti to the Ben Kelly designed interior.

Following a number of years standing empty, The Whitworth Street West site was purchased from the receivers by Crosby Homes. They chose to demolish the nightclub, and reuse the site for the construction of domestic flats. The iconic name was kept for the new development, with the Hacienda name licensed from Peter Hook, who owns the Haçienda name and trademark. The nightclub was demolished in 2002 - Crosby Homes had acquired the property some time before that and, on Saturday 25 November 2000, held a charity auction of the various fixtures and fittings from the nightclub. Clubgoers and enthusiasts from across the country attended to snap up memorabilia ranging from the DJ booth box to radiators to emergency exit lights.

Michael Winterbottom's 2002 film 24 Hour Party People starring Steve Coogan as Tony Wilson, tells the story of the Haçienda. The movie was filmed in 2001, and required reconstructing the Haçienda as a temporary set in a Manchester factory, which was then opened to ticket holders for a night, acting as a full-scale nightclub (except with free bar) as the film shooting took place.

The Manchester exhibition centre Urbis hosted an exhibition celebrating the 25th anniversary of the club's opening, which ran from mid-July 2007 until mid-February 2008. Peter Hook and many other of those originally involved contributed or loaned material.

The Manchester Museum of Science and Industry now holds a variety of Hacienda and Factory records artefacts, including the main loading bay doors from the club, and a wide array of posters, fliers and props. Rob Gretton bequeathed his collection of Hacienda memorabilia to the Museum.

In October 2009, Peter Hook published his book on his time as co-owner of the Hacienda, How Not To Run A Club.

See also

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