Textual criticism  

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Textual criticism (or lower criticism) is a branch of literary criticism that is concerned with the identification and removal of transcription errors in the texts of manuscripts. Ancient scribes often made errors or alterations when copying manuscripts by hand.


See also


Critical editions

Hebrew Bible
New Testament
Critical Translations
  • The Comprehensive New Testament - standardardized Nestle-Aland 27 edition
  • The Dead Sea Scrolls Bible -- with textual mapping to Masoretic, Dead Sea Scrolls, and Septuagint variants


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