From The Art and Popular Culture Encyclopedia
Taxidermy (Greek for "the arrangement of the skin") is the art of mounting or reproducing animals for display (e.g. as hunting trophies) or study. This is a practice generally done with vertebrates, but occasionally with invertebrate animals such as insects. The methods that taxidermists practice have been improved over the last century, heightening taxidermic quality.
Nowadays taxidermy has been re-established as one of the more provocative forms of art. Used particularly by young female artists such as Polly Morgan and Alex Randall this modern form of taxidermy tends to be about inserting narrative, emotion and wit into everyday spaces.