From The Art and Popular Culture Encyclopedia

Jump to: navigation, search

"Tangier was the only non-Western metropolis to host major Beat happenings. This louche Moroccan backwater became, arguably, the ultimate Beat city. Paul Bowles, Burroughs, and Gysin passed substantial parts of their lives there. They were joined sporadically in their drug and sex idyll by Kerouac, Ginsberg, the Stones, Jean Genet, Timothy Leary, and Gregory Corso. They didn't just create art and live life in the town - they variously nurtured a home-grown Beat scene dominated by Choukri, Mrabet (both writers), and Hamri, the Moroccan national painter." --[1]

Related e

Wiki Commons

Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.
Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.

A port city in northern Morocco, on the Strait of Gibraltar.


Tangier and the Beat Generation

Gertrude Stein vacationed there with Alice and advised Paul Bowles to go there. William Burroughs spent time with Brion Gysin at the café 1001 Nights. See also Mohamed Choukri.

Tangier in popular culture

Tangier was the subject of many artistic works, including novels, films and music.


  • Silent Day in Tangiers by Tahar Ben Jelloun.
  • Naked Lunch by William S. Burroughs - relates some of the author's experiences in Tangier. (See also Naked Lunch (film))
  • Desolation Angels by Jack Kerouac relates him living with William Burroughs and other Beat writers in Tangiers.
  • Interzone by Burroughs - It talks about a a fictionalized version of Tangier called Interzone.
  • Let It Come Down is Paul Bowles's second novel, first published in 1952
  • The Loom of Youth by Alec Waugh - a controversial semi-autobiographical novel relating homosexual experiences of the author in the city of Tangier.
  • Two Tickets to Tangier by Francis Van Wyck Mason, an American novelist and historian
  • Modesty Blaise; a fictional character in a comic strip of the same name and a series of books created by Peter O'Donnell - In 1945 a nameless girl escaped from a displaced person (DP) camp in Karylos, Greece. She took control of a criminal gang in Tangier and expanded it to international status as "The Network". After dissolving The Network and moving to England she maintained a house on a hillside above Tangier and many scenes in the books and comic strips are located here.
  • Carpenter's World Travels: From Tangier to Tripoli - a Frank G. Carpenter travel guide (1927)
  • The Thief's Journal - a Jean Genet - Includes the protagonist's experiments in negative morality in Tangier (1949)
  • The Alchemist by Paulo Coelho
  • The Crossroads of the Medterranean by Henrik de Leeuw- chronicles the author's journey through Morocco and Tunisia in the early 1950's and includes many pages describing Tangier, notably the Petit Socco as a food market with mountain dwellers (the jebli) selling their produce and 'the street of male harlots', where they ply 'their shameful trade'.
  • The Gold Bug Variations by Richard Powers


  • Antaeus (magazine) was first published in Tangier by Daniel Halpern and Paul Bowles before being shifted to New York
  • Tangier Gazette was founded by William Augustus Bird (aka Bill Bird) in Tangier


  • The Living Daylights - a James Bond movie where he hunts Brad Whitaker down at his Tangier headquarters
  • From Russia with Love - the fictional character in "James Bond", Red Grant was recruited by "SPECTRE" in Tangier in 1962, whilst on the run from the law
  • Tangier Incident - an American agent posing as a black market operator, is in Tangier on a mission to stop the plans of three atomic scientists who are there to pool their secrets and sell them in a package to the Communists.
  • Man from Tangier (a.k.a. Thunder Over Tangier) - 1957
  • Tangiers, 1908 was one of the unaired Young Indiana Jones Chronicles episodes
  • Flight to Tangier (Charles Marquis Warren) - 1953
  • Tangier an episode of the television series Passport to Danger starring Cesar Romero - 1955
  • The Nautch of Tangier (aka The Witchmaker) - 1969
  • Tangier featuring María Montez, Robert Paige, and Sabu Dastagir - 1946
  • Espionage in Tangiers. A thriller of a secret agent out to snag a dangerous molecular ray-gun - 1966
  • That Man from Tangier (in Spanish Aquel Hombre de Tanger) featuring Sara Montiel
  • The Bourne Ultimatum, an espionage movie featuring Matt Damon - Jason Bourne tracks an individual to the city and is subsequently chased through the streets and houses by an assassin attempting to kill him.
  • The Wind and the Lion - Based on the Perdicaris incident of 1904, this film, starring Sean Connery, Candice Bergen, and Brian Keith, takes place largely in Tangier. The film's Tangier, however, was actually created in the Spanish cities of Seville and Almeria.



Unless indicated otherwise, the text in this article is either based on Wikipedia article "Tangier" or another language Wikipedia page thereof used under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License; or on original research by Jahsonic and friends. See Art and Popular Culture's copyright notice.

Personal tools