From The Art and Popular Culture Encyclopedia
- see cult television, quality television, television studies, criticism of television, television culture
- “Television, the drug of a nation, feeding ignorance and breeding radiation.” --Television, the Drug of the Nation, 1992
Since it first became commercially available from the late 1940s, the television set has become a common household communications device in living rooms, bedrooms and offices, particularly in the first world, as a source of entertainment and news. Since the 1970s, video recordings on VCR tapes and later, digital playback systems such as DVDs, have enabled the television to be used to view recorded movies and other programs.
In the 1950s television replaces radio as the dominant mass medium in industrialized countries, it nearly immediately becomes the scapegoat of the dumbing down - like so many new media before it - of our culture. By the late 1980s, 98% of all homes in the U.S. had at least one TV set. On average, Americans watch four hours of television per day. An estimated two-thirds of Americans got most of their news about the world from TV.
Criticism and support
Cultural pessimism and television
Three films that thematically deal with the dumbing down of man by television.
- Network (Dunaway comes while thinking of her TV ratings)
- Being There (videot, videocy)
- Fahrenheit 451 (books are forbidden, television omnipresent)
Television in Film
Being There (1979) Broadcast News (1987) Ed TV (1999), A Face In the Crowd (1957), Fahrenheit 451 (1966), Medium Cool (1969), Network (1976), Pleasantville (1998), Quiz Show (1994), To Die For (1995), The Truman Show (1998)
Films about television
- Videodrome (1983) - David Cronenberg
- "The television screen is the retina of the mind's eye. Therefore, the television screen is part of the physical structure of the brain. Therefore, whatever appears in the television screen emerges as raw experience for those who watch it. Therefore, television is reality, and reality is less than television."
- Deathwatch / La Mort en direct (1980) - Bertrand Tavernier
- The Cable Guy (1996) - Ben Stiller
- Network (1976) - Sidney Lumet
- Secret Cinema (1968) - Paul Bartel
- Television culture
- Golden Age of Television
- Sex and the City
- Couch potato
- Cult television
- Semiotic democracy