Sylvia Plath  

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Kunstformen der Natur (1904) by Ernst Haeckel
Kunstformen der Natur (1904) by Ernst Haeckel

Sylvia Plath (October 27, 1932 - February 11, 1963) was an American poet, author, and essayist.

She showed early literary promise, publishing her first poem at the age of 8; her father, a college professor and noted authority on the subject of bees, died at around the same time.

In her junior year at Smith College, Plath made what was to be the first of several suicide attempts: she later detailed this in the autobiographical novel, The Bell Jar, published in 1963.

Possibly affected by manic depression, she became a resident of McLean Hospital.

She married the English poet Ted Hughes in 1956, and published her first collection of poetry, The Colossus, in England in 1960.

She and Ted Hughes settled for a while in a small village in Devon, but separated less than two years after the birth of their first child, and Plath returned to London with their two children, Frieda and Nicholas. The winter of 1962/1963 turned into one of the harshest in living memory. On February 11, 1963, ill and low on money, Sylvia Plath committed suicide in her kitchen by gas asphyxiation. She lies buried in the churchyard at Heptonstall, West Yorkshire.

Posthumously published collections of her poetry include the celebrated Ariel, published in 1965, and The Collected Poems (1981), which won the Pulitzer Prize for poetry in 1983.

The 2003 film, Sylvia tells the story of the troubled relationship of the poet couple.

Unless indicated otherwise, the text in this article is either based on Wikipedia article "Sylvia Plath" or another language Wikipedia page thereof used under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License; or on research by Jahsonic and friends. See Art and Popular Culture's copyright notice.

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