Surrealism in literature
From The Art and Popular Culture Encyclopedia
- “Everything leads us to believe that there is a certain state of mind from which life and death, the real and the imaginary, past and future, the communicable and the incommunicable, height and depth are no longer perceived as contradictory.”– André Breton, Second Manifesto of Surrealism (1929)
Although not commonly regarded as a literary movement, Surrealism was started in the late 1910s by literati Guillaume Apollinaire and André Breton, so from the onset, the movement was literary by its very nature. The importance of literature to the movement was further stressed by Breton's Anthology of Black Humor.
Examples of Surrealist literature include René Crevel's Mr. Knife Miss Fork (1931), Louis Aragon's Irene's Cunt (1927), André Breton's Sur la route de San Romano (1948), Benjamin Peret's Death to the Pigs (1929), and Antonin Artaud's Le Pese-Nerfs (1926).