Surrealism and eroticism
From The Art and Popular Culture Encyclopedia
Tate Modern's Surrealism: Desire Unbound was an exhibition on surrealism organized at the Tate gallery in 2001 (20 September to 1 January). Its emphasis was on the relationship between Surrealism and eroticism. For the first time, it prominently put the work of Hans Bellmer on the map.
Sade's influence on Surrealism
The post-Freud and post-Marx surrealists sought to liberate and give expression to the mysterious and aggressive drives lurking within the unconscious mind and had great interest in the Marquis de Sade.
The first Manifesto of Surrealism (1924) announced that "Sade is surrealist in sadism." Guillaume Apollinaire found rare manuscripts by Sade in the Bibliothèque Nationale in Paris. He published a selection of his writings in 19091, where he introduced Sade as "the freest spirit that had ever lived." Sade was celebrated in surrealist periodicals.
Investigating Sex: Surrealist Discussions 1928-1932
In January 1928, long before Kinsey or Masters and Johnson began their clinical surveys, the Paris surrealists initiated their own "researches into sexuality" in the form of twelve round table discussions. Participants included many of surrealism's best known figures: Andre Breton, Paul Eluard, Louis Aragon, Max Ernst, Man Ray, Antonin Artaud, Benjamin Peret, Jacques Prevert, Marcel Duhamel, Yves Tanguy, Pierre Unik, Pierre Naville, etc... The results of these discussions were partly published in La Révolution surréaliste.
The English language translations were published in Investigating Sex: Surrealist Discussions 1928-1932, edited by Jose Pierre, translated by Malcolm Imire and published by Verso in 1992. ISBN 0860913783
L'Érotique du surréalisme
Surréalisme et sexualité
Surréalisme et sexualité (1971) is a book by Xavière Gauthier. The book was a feminist critique of Surrealism and inspired further scholarship related to the marginalization of women in relation to "the avant-garde."
- Man Ray's erotic photography, most famously Printemps, Eté, Automne, Hiver
- Marcel Duchamp's Please Touch
- Desire Unbound
- Sade's influence on Surrealism
- L'Érotique du surréalisme
- Surréalisme et sexualité
- Investigating Sex: Surrealist Discussions 1928-1932
- 20th century erotica