From The Art and Popular Culture Encyclopedia
A surname is a name added to a given name and is part of a personal name. In many cases, a surname is a family name; the family-name meaning of "surname" first appeared in 1375. Many dictionaries define "surname" as a synonym of "family name". In Western countries, it is also commonly known as a "last name," while in Hungary and in many countries of East Asia, the family name is placed before the individual's given name.
- Family name
- Family name (surname) in the Russian Empire, Soviet Union and CIS countries
- List of most common surnames
- Matrilineal surname
- Scandinavian family name etymology